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Access to Care: 2019 Access to Care Report; The Access to Care Report is the product of a collaborative process to comprehensively assess access to care needs among un/underserved populations within the City of Cleveland, as well as the capacity and resources available to meet those needs using both quantitative and qualitative data sources. COLUMBUS, Ohio — With myriad public health and economic challenges looming, a new report offers local leaders in Ohio pre-pandemic data on child well-being to help guide the path forward. Health Data Matters is a health data resource for government, academic, non-profit, community and industry partners in Cleveland & Cuyahoga County, Ohio. In 2018, Cleveland, OH had a population of 384k people with a median age of 36.3 and a median household income of $29,953. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Cleveland, OH declined from 385,552 to 383,781, a -0.459% decrease and its median household income grew from $28,974 to $29,953, a 3.38% increase. The Cleveland Big Data and Hadoop User Group is for those interested in the distributed processing of large amounts of data, focusing heavily on the Hadoop stack. If you have more data than can comfortably fit on a single server and/or have a processing window that you can't meet processing with a single server, then you should come to our ... According to our research of Ohio and other state lists, there were 1,910 registered sex offenders living in Cleveland, Ohio as of September 15, 2020. The ratio of all residents to sex offenders in Cleveland is 202 to 1. The City-Data.com crime rate weighs serious crimes and violent crimes more ... CLEVELAND, Ohio - Ohio’s unemployment rate fell to 8.9% in July, as 62,700 jobs were added to the economy, the state announced Friday. The state unemployment rate hovered just above 4% for ... CLEVELAND, OHIO. Part of the Great Lakes Megalopolis, Cleveland is the largest metro in Ohio and the seventh largest economy in the U.S. Multiple Fortune 100 headquarters and over 28 institutions of higher education call Cleveland home, including Goodyear, KeyCorp, Progressive, NASA’s Glenn Research Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland Clinic, and University Hospitals of Cleveland. Get Cleveland, Ohio census data & demographics. Find population, crime, sports, political and other interesting statistics at cleveland.com. Cleveland Data Center 1621 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH, 44115 Cogent's Data Center in Cleveland offers secure, flexible, and scalable Colocation and connectivity solutions .
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See the original article and the garbage it inspired. If you were to find the about page of his blog, you would know that he defends the blog from promoting white supremacy by simply reporting the facts. A strict reading could put together that it doesn't mean that one couldn't defend or rationalize past systems of white supremacy. I've recently revisited and clarified the issues of his Slave trade article, and soon I plan on talking about multiple issues with his slavery article as well, so today I will do the same with this one. The running theme of the piece is that disparities during Jim Crow either couldn't be explained specifically by segregation, or that disparities came larger after the 1960s thus segregation as a factor is ruled out. The problems are that -
For each aspect that he measures, he doesn't tie it to a specific expert claim on how Segregation played a role in the disparity.
He doesn't account for post-1960s factors that causes the persisting or larger disparity, and assumes post-1960s is a systematically neutral control.
For certain disparities he compares, they are inappropriate and are not indicative of what he purports.
And for the record, no, he doesn't actually talk about voting or juror restriction by race. The article- We first get a rationalization of his analysis.
When I was younger, I would read world atlases. And sometimes I would come to an article, say an article on the country Colombia, and it would say that Colombia is a world leader in coffee production, then list off some other “cash crops”. Then it would go into the growing textiles sector, and mention that it has some problem with debt. Maybe it’s a leading producer of phosphates as well or something. And if you read all of this qualitative, subjective description, you would never realize that Colombia was poor. It’s not until you got to “per capita GDP” that you would discover that it was $3,000 per capita. You could also have someone qualitatively describe a football game between Auburn and Alabama. And they could do highlights, and describe some of the big plays, and you wouldn’t know that Alabama completely steamrolled Auburn until you looked at the box score. Or imagine if your son was “describing” qualitatively and subjectively how he was doing in his classes. As a parent you don’t care, you want to see the damn grades. And so the effects of segregation on blacks. What does the data say? Because in school when segregation is taught, it’s the equivalent of describing a football game by just looking at the highlights and not the box score. It’s cat-lady storytime. Well, there are a few big go-to topics that popped into my mind to try to quantify the effects of segregation on blacks: cops and courts, schools, income and lynching. So that’s what I go-to’d.
1. Incarceration rate The incarceration rate for blacks relative to whites has increased at least since 1930, probably long before that. So in terms of blacks being targeted for being sent to prison, it looks like they were substantially less targeted compared to today. So if the legal systems were unfair during segregation, they appear to be even more unfair today. Or perhaps they weren’t unfair during segregation, are unfair today, or perhaps the laws are different today in a way that disparately impacts blacks more than they did in the past. There are all sorts of things we can speculate, but it’s not immediately or obviously apparent, from the data, that the legal system was particularly keen on incarcerating blacks compared to today.
So for those of you more keen on race and mass incarceration, you would know that this is particularly strong in Northern Urban regions rather than the South. A whole demographic transition occurred that accounted for it. Not to mention he never actually looked for studies that purport to address biases during Jim Crow. What does he find through is roundabout ways?
2. Prison sentences For prison sentences, the numbers have been remarkably stable. When you look at length of prison terms for blacks compared to whites after the FIRST release from prison, it’s very close. The first release data is important because none of these are repeat offenders. Repeat offenders get more time, and blacks are more likely to be repeat offenders. That said, based on the data below, blacks serve roughly ~15% longer prison terms for their first term. It could be because the crimes blacks commit within each category are, on average, more severe. It could be racial bias on the part of judges. Or it could be that blacks have worse courtroom behavior, as when IQ is controlled for, the racial gap in prison sentences goes away. But what you don’t see is blacks having longer prison sentences during segregation. Black Multiple of White Median Time Served For ALL Releases in State and Federal Prisons Now what if we looked at median prison time served just in the South, and back in 1937 – smack in the middle of “Jim Crow” – and included repeat offenders, of which black inmates are a higher proportion today? The result is not that much different from the entire US today: Black Multiple of White Median Time Served For ALL Releases in 14 Southern States in State and Federal Prisons Remember, the 1937 data is JUST from the South, supposedly the hot seat of bigotry, and includes repeat offenders. Homicide data is an unweighted average of each category. In 1937 and 1952 they used Murder and Manslaughter, in 1964 they just had Homicide, and in 2009 they had Murder, Negligent Manslaughter and Non-Negligent Manslaughter. In case you think I am cherry-picking the years to paint a particular narrative, these are literally just the years used in the Bureau of Justice report I am citing. And so what we can see is that the black-white incarceration gap is wider today than it was in 1930. In addition, the racial gap in sentence length for first offenders does not appear to have changed at all. Even the data that INCLUDED repeat offenders just in the South in 1937 doesn’t differ that much from the first-time offender data nationally and later. And so this makes the idea that the current US legal system was more biased against blacks during segregation than it is today SEEM false.
So this is a good example of a data point that doesn't correspond to a specific Civil Rights claim for Jim Crow relative to the post-1960s. Mass incarceration is usually shown as being a post 1960s phenomenon of bias as a particular, in connection to Blacks increasing presence in the North. His source supports it. On page 88.
The median time served for the total was 17 days. For blacks the median was 2 days longer, 19 days. Interestingly, there were larger differences between whites and blacks in time served in the North than in the South. The median time served in the North for whites was 18 days and for blacks a full week longer, 25 days. In the South the median was 17 days for blacks and 16 days for whites. Looking at time served by offense, these differences continue.
Typical civil rights claims are in regard the lack of Black Jurors deals with not simply length of prison time but biases towards choosing conviction by a white jury relative to a comparable white defendant, which this doesn't study. Therefore, the proper way how to study this would be conviction rates in the same region overtime, such as the South, and compared between different types of juries and defendants. I lack data on this, but one form of bias I have found was application of the death Penalty for rape in the South from the 1930s to the 1960s was harsher not just for Black Criminals, but for Black criminals accused ofraping whites. In further detail, 13% of Black rapists in 11 southern states received the death penalty compared to 2% of whites. Decreases in overall non-white (likely black) executions, by his source, decreased sharply after the 1960s. Overtime, rates of executions decreased even though crime increased into this period. Mind you, there were death penalty changes around this time. This source, btw, contains a variety of measurements by race during Jim Crow into the present that could suggest bias outside of merely prison sentences.
3. Lynching A related topic to this is lynching. From Richard M. Perloff, Professor of Communication at Cleveland State University: “Approximately 4,742 individuals were lynched between 1882 and 1968; of the victims, 3,445 or 73 percent were Black.” All lynchings were in response to a claimed offense, such as a rape or stealing cattle. Blacks were 72.65% of all recorded lynchings while being ~26.87% of the population of the South at the time. The Black population of the Southern US 1880-1970 averages 26.87% at each decade. And so based on their population alone, if lynchings were race-neutral, and we knew nothing about race differences in violent crime going in, we would expect 26.87% of all lynchings to be of blacks. Blacks comprised 72.65% of all lynchings, giving them a representation 2.70 times their population. However, according to wikipedia, most lynchings occurred between 1882 and 1920, and during that time period the average black population was 31.76% of the southern US population. Using this number, blacks as a percentage of lynchings are only 2.29 times their percentage of the population. If we split the difference and just say that the black population of the south was 29.32% of the total population, then blacks as a percentage of lynchings was 2.48 times their percentage of the population. By comparison, in 2010, blacks comprised 12.6% of the total US population, but were 38.13% of the population charged for violent crimes, giving them a representation 3.03 times their population. And so by raw numbers the lynch mobs appear to be slightly less racially targeting than the current US legal system is. Here are those numbers put in a table:
So when I first read this I thought he was comparing lynchings to police shootings. The second time shows me how asinine he is. This is a good example of an inappropriate comparison. Being charged with a crime isn't the same as a lynching, lynchings are categorized by the source he originally used for sentencing as an execution, one of the trends that decreased in rates for blacks and as established was higher in the South in ways suggestive of bias. From his source-
Almost three-fourths (73 percent) of those lynched between 1890 and 1962 (the date of the last recorded lynching) were black, and in the same period, 54 percent of those executed were nonwhite. About 90 percent of those dying under State authority were executed for homicide. Only 41 percent of illegal lynchings were for homicide (Tables 2-1 and 2-2).
This is more or less consistent with my studies showing that, in the South, rape (the next largest portion of lynching offenses After Homicide) was disproportionately applied to black men with death. Lynchings, as well decreased in accordance with campaigning against it as established in my Dwight Murphey post. This would be an example of civil rights interacting with oppression.
4. Income This is where arguments regarding the negative effects of segregation start to have some backing in data. Looking at census data from 1948, we can see that black income as a proportion of white income went from around 44% in 1948 to about 80% in 2000. This looks like a massive effect from desegregation on it’s face: 📷 However, there is some interesting data from 1880. If you just look within regions, the racial gap is much less. At that time, black workers earned on median 37% of what white workers earned. However, if you just looked at the south, blacks earned 58% of what white workers earned. So just with that regional control we’re already almost half way to the current black-white income ratio. Population and wage income by race and region in 1880 But the paper did something else – it looked at black labor income relative to whites, but just looked a rural southern whites and blacks, and only looked at labor income. And in that instance, black income was 89% of white income: 📷 And so when you look at the same region, and the same kind of work, and just compare the wages of workers, the black-white income gap in the rural South was only 11%, lower than it is today. And that difference could very plausibly be due to blacks having fewer skills on average in 1880. I would be interested to see similar thin slices just looking at urban blacks in the south vs. urban whites in the south, and urban blacks in the north to urban whites in the north. I suspect that the more you held constant region and urban/rural divide, the smaller the racial gap would be. Which is to say, that it seems like much of the black-white income gap could have been a function of blacks living in rural areas (which were poorer back then) and living in the south (which was poorer back then). In addition, we can see that the narrowing of the black-white income gap roughly corresponds with blacks moving out of the south. This is not a 1:1 correlation, but it is does suggest that simply moving out of the south), which began in earnest around 1910, is part of the explanation for the narrowing of the black-white income gap: 📷 And in the north, where more of the blacks were slaves who had earned their freedom before 1865, black wages as a proportion of white wages were higher. In fact blacks in the north were wealthier than whites in the south for quite some time. Moreover, the narrowing of the black-white income gap at the national level occurred almost entirely during segregation. So to say that the smaller amount of narrowing that occurred following desegregation was in fact a result of desegregation is something that sounds kinda plausible – there’s certainly a little story you can tell – but there’s very little data for it. The most you could say is that there was a brief acceleration of the narrowing of the black-white income gap immediately after 1965, but that could be a coincidence, and even if you want to say it was a result of the civil rights act, then the acceleration versus a continuation of the previous trend is still only going to be like 2%. Now as for why the black-white income gap narrowed from 1948 (at least) to 2000, that’s another topic. I suspect much of it has to do with the economic rise of the south and the migration of blacks away from the rural economy. Also this higher income may not have corresponded with a rise in living standards relative to whites since the cost of living may have increased, but that’s more speculative. But desegregation doesn’t appear to have any relevance to it. So even the narrowing of the black-white income gap, long touted as prime evidence that segregation was previously suppressing black wages, the evidence is not so clear on that.
So, he decreased the gap however in a way that was not applied to the modern gap, therefore makes his comparison null. He spends most of this section explaining factors pertaining to geography and the like explaining the gap, even though it's existence is tied to both slavery and the economic and educational limitations of the South for Blacks. This can be seen in the lack of second generation benefits of white migrants relative to black migrants, those born in the North being positively selected for those returning to the South, and the steeper reduction in poverty among southern Blacks due to migrants that returned to the South. Likewise, despite his claims that Northern Blacks being richer than Southern Whites, he doesn't produce a chart or study showing that.
5. Wealth and Employment Two more things to consider is that up until the 1950’s blacks had employment rates similar to that of whites. And the unemployment rate in blacks grew much more after 1965: 📷 And in terms of wealth, black wealth as a proportion of white wealth has remained stagnant since 1963: Moreover, I would say that the absolute disparity is more important than the black-white ratio. Because lets say you have $10 and Bob has $100. That’s a $90 gap. Depending on your job, that’s a day’s wage, or half a day’s wage. Now if you have $100 and Bob has $900, now you’re looking at multiple days’ wage. And so on and so on. So even though the relation is the same, the practical importance of the gap is growing. Also just the total dollar amount difference is increasing. And these are all in “2013 dollars”, which adjusts for inflation. And so when people say that the relative economic situation of blacks has improved relative to whites since segregation, they’re looking at one thing: nominal income at the national level. They’re not looking at employment, at wealth, or how much, if at all, the income gap has narrowed when controlling for what region of the country we’re looking at, or if it’s urban or rural.
While this is worth pointing out, it fails to account for complex factors of the great migration. While gains were present, unemployment increased due to urban living and relatively higher demands in skill compared to the South. This can be seen by actually referencing the study he pulls the chart from, where changes in unemployment occur earlier and become starker outside of the South. What is also interesting his how an earlier study done by one of the researchers of the 1999 study he cites notes how human capital can't explain as much of the gap in the North as it can in the South.
6. Schools Another argument that segregation depressed black economic success is their lower school funding. On average, from 1890 to 1950, the average of how much each state spent on black schools as a proportion of what they spent on white schools was 56.96%. So they had less funding. But funding for what? For “better teachers”? What’s a “better teacher”? What has been found in the US is that increased real spending on schools has not increased overall performance since the 1970s, and more importantly voucher studies have shown that the school an individual goes to has no real impact on either GPA, standardized test scores or future college attendance. So the fact that additional funding didn’t matter in 1970 is one thing. But did it matter from 1870 to 1954? Well, we don’t have regular standardized tests from that time period, but we do have a nationally representative IQ test done in 1917 for all US army conscripts for World War 1. In it blacks scored a median of 83 compared to the white score that was set to 100. Today the black median is still at 85. Okay, two points. And my guess is they were hollow for “g” anyway. Certainly there were journalists at the time who did “investigative journalism” and wrote anecdotal reports of how bad the black schools were. Michael Moore does “investigative journalism” today too about how great the Cuban healthcare system is. Walter Duranty visited the USSR in the 1930s and came back writing glowing reviews of the benevolent, if firm, policies of Stalin. Maybe they were telling the truth, maybe they were making things up, who knows. Black schools were probably worse But the question is how much worse really? And for most people, did it even matter? Most of what people learn in school they forget anyway, so aside from literacy and basic math, the practical importance of school would be minimal for most people at that time. And the culture of school credentials as a signal to employers hadn’t developed yet, so at the time any “educational disadvantages” blacks had, whatever they were and if any, would not matter in terms of credential-signaling because that hadn’t developed yet, and in terms of knowledge beyond basic literacy and math – that all gets forgotten anyway.
He could've mentioned the Coleman Report but didn't. This is a pretty major study in this particular field of social science, so for Faulk to miss something crucial to grounding his point only demonstrates his lack of familiarity with the material.
I'm going to to assume, since the link is dead, that the studies referenced in that link doesn't account for how money is spent.
His study cites work from a cosumer behavior course, not actual studies on schools.
A recent study shows that for Jim Crow, school quality accounts for the majority of the wage gap for the era.
Previous data given regarding the Great Migration would indicate that education and a market to use it made generational different for blacks, even considering selection.
7. Countrymen? This section is a bit of a digression. In a broader sense, blacks weren’t seen as legitimate countrymen to some extent for some time in the region. And so since the blacks were viewed as “foreigners” to southern whites, who to some extent viewed northern whites as foreigners as well, they didn’t think they owed the blacks equal school funding any more than they owed people from Peru or Romania or China equal school funding. I.e. the black-white gap in school funding meant as much to them as the american-chinese gap in school funding, as both the Chinese and the blacks were foreign to the southern whites. Now you can have whatever opinion you want about it, and say that blacks were rightful countrymen of southern whites, and really pound your fists in self-righteous certainty about it because you “know it to be true”. That’s certainly your viewpoint. But understand that it is just your viewpoint, and when you realize that the southern whites viewed blacks the way we look at illegal immigrants today, and that the times during which either repatriation of blacks to Africa or creating a separate black country out of land in the US were serious proposals were still in living memory at the time. Today blacks have been part of the US for so long that such proposals probably seem bizarre to you. And they would bizarre and cruel if implemented today. But also remember that the US had to impose military governments in the south in order to pass the 14th amendment that gave the blacks citizenship. And Oregon, New Jersey and Ohio renounced their ratification of the 14th amendment after the fact in protest of this action. Obviously is was a symbolic gesture, but it showed that opposition to the way the 14th amendment was passed wasn’t considered some kooky fringe idea at the time. Of course it is now because if you bring up the use of military governments in passing the 14th amendment – well, “only racists talk about that”, so it just gets dismissed. But yes, understand that the 14th amendment was seen like granting “amnesty” to the illegals is today – it would be creating an alternative method of granting citizenship for a specific group of non-citizens in the US today. (And the fact that more whites supported granting citizenship to the black slaves at the time than supporting granting amnesty to illegals today is support for a theory I have about whites in the past being more “neurologically left-wing” even if they would be considered today to hold “far-right” positions by today’s standards.)
Despite whatever perceptions American whites had about Americans blacks, it doesn't change the facts were that blacks were not comparable to the Chinese at the time. The cultural gaps and their economic history on a racial basis doesn't justify it.
The basis of historical relativism in this case was seeming argued further in his MLK video, now deleted. That is, as argued by others before, whites didn't have to pay taxes for Black schools. This causes obvious problems as the average black had only limited wealth to tax in large part due to limited skills.
Faulk's self prophesied Conclusion- So, what do we learn from his conclusions? He bizarrely begins with a tangent on the Zimmerman and Wilson trials and the correlated of media knowledge. Some excerpts.
The jurors certainly knew more facts about each case than the general public did. Moreover, whites are more likely to believe Zimmerman and Wilson were justified, and whites do better on tests of current events knowledge. In addition, males, who do better on current events knowledge tests than females, also were more satisfied with the Zimmerman verdict than women, and women do worse on current events knowledge tests. Also, people with higher education levels approved the verdict as well. Thus, all three factors that correlate with general political and current events knowledge (being white, being male and having lots of time in school) also correlate with approving the Zimmerman trial verdict. And the people who had the MOST knowledge – the jurors – unanimously found Zimmerman not guilty. If you go by the literature in news media talking about “institutional racism” and “white privilege”, it’s not immediately obvious that the aggregate of all media is any less obsessed with the plight of the coloreds than they were in 1964. Maybe they were, but I have no way to really tell.
Do you see it? Do you see that lack of any real transition? Maybe some further comment can help.
But lets say Derrick Wilson killed “the gentle giant” in 1961. There was no internet in 1961, what you knew about the events was what a few major news outlets chose to report. As it happens, a jury also found J.W. Milam and Roy Bryant not guilty of murder in their killing of Emmett Till. And what do you know about that event? Do the facts you know of the Emmett Till verdict seem to paint a one-sided story to where it is unbelievable, yes, unbelievable that a jury would find Bryant and Milam not guilty?
Once again we have a comparison that isn't proper. The modern day examples leaves no ambiguity as to who killed who, it was a matter of whether the killing was justified or not. The Emmett Till situation was vastly different, since the matter of whether or not Till was killed, whether or not Milam and Bryant were guilty, or exactly what happened between Till and Bryant in the store. Her own account only goes as far as to say that she was grabbed by the waist, while press releases by the defense/police was explicitly more violent. Both stories differ from her original account to her lawyers. Even the officer who initially believed that the body belonged to Till changed his mind when the town's reputation began to be tarnished. Furthermore, even if we are to treat the Till case like the modern day examples, it only shows the hairiness of the case itself. Despite the defense being that Till is not confirmed dead, and that the brothers were innocent of murder, part of their defense regarding Till's actions and the release of Louis Till's rape record by politicians shows a blatant message. That even if the brothers killed Till, it was justified despite nonetheless being illegal. Anyone, however, can read the various sources that talks about the issue at length. Personally I have Devery Anderson's most recent book.
Because we all know that the courts in the South were incredibly unfair to the blacks? Except there’s no real data to support that at the time,
In regards to death penalties, legal and illegal, for interracial rape, we do. This is supported, along with the data, In regards to changing testimonies in the case of Till, from the police, we do. From the fact that shortly afterward another white on black murder with a white witness (and multiple black ones) claiming otherwise. Said white was not only a friend of the defendants of the Till case, but was defended by the same officer who doubted the corpse's identity. Point is that an entire survey of the south as a premise of bias is unnecessary (though supportive) of bias. The specific town where the crime took place has plenty of evidence of bias during the trial stemming from community values.
and victim surveys from modern times correspond with the police arrest rates, and police are more likely to kill a white person in any given arrest situation, are more likely to shoot blacks in simulations, and the black percentage of killing cops is higher than their percentage of being killed by cops. And in fact the black incarceration rate relative to whites is HIGHER than it was during segregation.
Irrelevant to the context of Till, a circumstance so legally unique from the above examples it shows Faulk's ignorance. The only connection is the matter of white credibility in modern settings verses in the context of a particular case.
As shown in previous articles, modern “institutional racism” in terms of police and court bias, callbacksand educationalopportunities are very easily revealed to be phantasms – or at the very least the issue of whether or not they exist is much more complex than the basic statistics you hear on tumblr and huffpo posts would suggest.
Both articles are shitty, see United Left on the school vouchers argument.
Recent studies have shown that residential racial segregation has increased in the United States. This is an improvement over older studies which simply looked at cities and the percentage of each race in the cities. These newer methods actually look at the likelihood of you having a neighbor of a different race, and find that racial segregation is increasing.
So it's basically comparing two different types of "segregation", the conventional method comparing pre-1960s trends nonetheless decreasing.
We already know that schools are more segregated than they were during the late 1960s. Now this is a profound thing; you’ve been to school. You had first hand experience with how racially segregated they were. THAT was close to what it was like during Jim Crow that we hear so many stories about. So… how segregated did it seem?
In other places on this site, Sean and I make arguments about how currently, blacks and hispanics are not getting a raw deal in employment, courts or education. But what surprised me was just how much, looking into the past, the old days seem so similar to today in terms of the lot of blacks compared to whites. They are drawn parallel. The past is not far away, it’s right here. 60 years ago was yesterday.
Only your superficial understanding of the 1960s, or any decade before.
2020.09.15 04:15 wisdom_man1Researchers gain head start in coronavirus vaccine race Fast-track techniques used in cell and gene therapies are proving invaluable in the fight against Covid-19
Adam Barker, healthcare equity analyst at Shore Capital, estimates some 40 trials of MSCs are under way for Covid-19. “The data from human studies of MSCs for pneumonia and influenza suggest they are generally safe and may reduce the risk of death, albeit the data are not conclusive,” he says. “The other hope is that they might help tissue regrow — that potential regenerative capacity, which is the holy grail of stem cell medicine,” he adds. Athersys, in Cleveland, Ohio, is working on a different type of stem cell, multipotent adult progenitor cells (MAPCs), derived from adult bone marrow, to calm the immune response caused by ARDS. Like MSCs, MAPCs attract less hostile attention from the immune system than other cell types. They do not have the distinctive molecular structures — the antigens — on their surface that typically induce a strong immune response, so they are less likely to cause a cytokine storm. Eric Jenkins, senior medical director and head of clinical operations at Athersys, says one of the advantages of MAPCs over MSCs is that they can be multiplied in much greater volume in the lab. This provides a level of consistency that will help win regulatory approval. “Being able to create millions of doses from a single donor collection permits you to develop a really well characterised, standardised and stable product on a commercial scale,” he says. “Having to frequently collect and culture bone marrow is problematic, because essentially it is a new product every time.” Athersys already has an investigational MAPC product, MultiStem, which is used in late-stage clinical trials for acute ischemic stroke, and for ARDS in pneumonia patients. The US Food and Drug Administration has granted authorisation for MultiStem to be tested on Covid-19 patients with ARDS, and recruitment is under way. https://www.ft.com/content/b5356f28-4c17-4913-b07e-f839a5ec80bf
2020.09.10 11:47 SimNews_MSFS Includes Hundreds of Photorealistic Cities
As we have learned, the entire Earth of the next-generation Microsoft Flight Simulator is based on Bing Maps satellite imagery, filled with Blackshark.ai’s auto-generated objects, such as houses, trees, and windmills. A few hundreds of cities, strictly speaking of 341, mostly in North America and Europe, have been presented more accurately by using photogrammetry. In some cities, the data may be a few years old, which can be seen as old commercials in some of the billboards. More highly modeled cities will come in the future as World Update for sure, although there is no confirmation on this yet. Below is the list of highly modeled cities, organized by countries and states (United States). https://preview.redd.it/sh7jmidhkam51.jpg?width=1920&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=bbe72d114c968abb0a1d456996e4e32a3a34640c
2020.09.10 10:35 SimNews_MSFS Includes Hundreds of Photorealistic Cities
As we have learned, the entire Earth of the next-generation Microsoft Flight Simulator is based on Bing Maps satellite imagery, filled with Blackshark.ai’s auto-generated objects, such as houses, trees, and windmills. A few hundreds of cities, strictly speaking of 341, mostly in North America and Europe, have been presented more accurately by using photogrammetry. In some cities, the data may be a few years old, which can be seen as old commercials in some of the billboards. More highly modeled cities will come in the future as World Update for sure, although there is no confirmation on this yet. Below is the list of highly modeled cities, organized by countries and states (United States). https://preview.redd.it/7cfz2j2n7am51.jpg?width=1920&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=fc1c175d888f1f7ed140d8ff4b933209a383cd2d
Lake Havasu City
San Tan Valley
Desert Hot Springs
New Smyrna Beach
Port St. Lucie
Universal Studios Florida
Walt Disney World Resort
Salt Lake City
Fond du Lac
Microsoft Flight Simulator is available as a digital purchase from Microsoft Store and Steam as well as a DVD box from Aerosoft. Prices are for Standard 69.99 EUR, Deluxe 89.99 EUR, and Premium Deluxe 119.99 EUR. Standard Edition is also included in Xbox Game Pass for PC monthly subscription.
https://www.cleveland.com/datacentral/2020/09/mapping-ohios-131336-coronavirus-cases-updates-new-cases-trend-younger.html Ohio added an average of 1,168 coronavirus cases a day over the last week, fueled by an increase in infections to younger people, though hospitalizations overall continue to decline, data from the Ohio Department of Health shows. There were 131,336 cases, 13,887 hospitalizations and 4,276 deaths reported through Monday. This means that 1-in-89 Ohioans is now known to have contracted the virus. Yet, the number of those hospitalized dipped below 700 on Sunday for the first time since June 30 and stayed there on Monday. The Ohio Hospital Association reported 691 coronavirus patients on Sunday and a preliminary count of 686 for Monday. This is down from a record 1,112 on July 28. Among the patients, the number in intensive care units has also been trending down, standing at 244 on Monday. There were 367 on Aug. 9.
2020.09.07 23:54 Armaan_SandhuGuys, the new important number is 15
Number 15: Burger king foot lettuce. The last thing you'd want in your Burger King burger is someone's foot fungus. But as it turns out, that might be what you get. A 4channer uploaded a photo anonymously to the site showcasing his feet in a plastic bin of lettuce. With the statement: "This is the lettuce you eat at Burger King." Admittedly, he had shoes on. But that's even worse. The post went live at 11:38 PM on July 16, and a mere 20 minutes later, the Burger King in question was alerted to the rogue employee. At least, I hope he's rogue. How did it happen? Well, the BK employee hadn't removed the Exif data from the uploaded photo, which suggested the culprit was somewhere in Mayfleld Heights, Ohio. This was at 11:47. Three minutes later at 11:50, the Burger King branch address was posted with wishes of happy unemployment. 5 minutes later, the news station was contacted by another 4channer. And three minutes later, at 11:58, a link was posted: BK's "Tell us about us" online forum. The foot photo, otherwise known as exhibit A, was attached. Cleveland Scene Magazine contacted the BK in question the next day. When questioned, the breakfast shift manager said "Oh, I know who that is. He's getting fired." Mystery solved, by 4chan. Now we can all go back to eating our fast food in peace.
2020.09.07 07:48 visaconnection1Virtual Internship Opportunity – USA
Internship Program for International Students
Remote internship opportunities to graduate students—a new way to gain real-world experience and career skills with US companies. Some of the US Universities are offering a virtual internship program designed to help international graduate students gain valuable work experience for their resumes. Internships are temporary workplace training programs, available to university students for a predetermined period of time. By working remotely, students can access opportunities anywhere in the US, and complete their internship from anywhere in the world. No CPT required. Graduate Students those have already enrolled in the following Universities for Fall 2020 or Spring 2021 will get the opportunity for Virtual Internships by applying for Career Accelerator Program (CAP) for an additional $2,500 per semester, which will reflect in their Tuition Fees
Name of the University
1 Adelphi University, New York 2 American University, D.C. 3 Auburn University, Auburn 4 Cleveland State University 5 University of Dayton, Ohio 6 The University of Illinois at Chicago 7 University of Mississippi, Oxford 8 University of Pacific, Northern California 9 University of South Carolina, Columbia
Students will benefit from
• Students will be eligible for the full duration of OPT and CPT once they arrive in the US • Industry-specific skills training and real-life work experiences at growing companies • Mentorship from industry experts Remote work skills training including skills in software/platforms • Cross-cultural competencies development and high-touch Career Accelerator curriculum • Global networking opportunities, including access to exclusive employer events • Certificates in design thinking and global citizenship • Hands-on training in computer software and academic research Students can explore entry-level work in a variety of industries including banking, business analytics, data science, digital marketing, finance, fundraising and foundation research, gaming, marketing, real estate technology, social media market intelligence, and venture capital. Scholarships of up to $1,000 are available to students who confirm their place by 31 August.
2020.09.07 00:48 PersonWithDaNameGUYS I FIGURED IT OUT 3X5=15
NUMBER 15 The last thing you'd want in your Burger King burger is someone's foot fungus. But as it turns out, that might be what you get. A 4channer uploaded a photo anonymously to the site showcasing his feet in a plastic bin of lettuce. With the statement: "This is the lettuce you eat at Burger King." Admittedly, he had shoes on. But that's even worse. The post went live at 11:38 PM on July 16, and a mere 20 minutes later, the Burger King in question was alerted to the rogue employee. At least, I hope he's rogue. How did it happen? Well, the BK employee hadn't removed the Exif data from the uploaded photo, which suggested the culprit was somewhere in Mayfield Heights, Ohio. This was at 11:47. Three minutes later at 11:50, the Burger King branch address was posted with wishes of happy unemployment. 5 minutes later, the news station was contacted by another 4channer. And three minutes later, at 11:58, a link was posted: BK's "Tell us about us" online forum. The foot photo, otherwise known as exhibit A, was attached. Cleveland Scene Magazine contacted the BK in question the next day. When questioned, the breakfast shift manager said "Oh, I know who that is. He's getting fired." Mystery solved, by 4chan. Now we can all go back to eating our fast food in peace.
2020.09.03 06:31 Ivan_the_UnpleasantLong Live the Human! Now His Invincible Majesty Must Choose a Bride!
Eight years. For eight long and bloody years, Maxwell Browning had led the war effort to depose the Lich-King Ameilikhos. Max—a 29-year-old former data-entry clerk and call-center drone, a loser, a nobody—had somehow been instrumental in uniting all the bickering factions scattered throughout the mystical Runelands. Against all odds, he had led them to victory as they had fought their way, inch by gruesome inch, across the whole of the continent. And now, at long last, the Lich-King was gone, his thousand-year reign of darkness and terror over. It was over. “Well,” said Max, mostly to himself, “at least now that it’s over, I can finally get some fucking rest.” He was seated upon a great marble throne, in the grand hall of the royal palace at Emain Albach, once upon a very long time ago the seat of power for the Tuatha Dé Dannan, the fairy-folk who had ruled the Runelands in the age before the rise of the Lich-King. Standing at his right hand was Cadmus the minotaur, Max’s bodyguard and, for many years now, his trusted brother-in-arms. At his left stood Gaius, a portly and aged satyr, Max’s onetime military advisor—but now he was probably going to become Max’s vizier or chamberlain or minister or something. “What do you mean over, Your Majesty?” rumbled Cadmus in his deep bass of a voice. “I thought you still wanted to find a way back home to your country. To the Cleaving Lands.” “It’s Cleveland,” Max corrected. “And don’t call me ‘Your Majesty.’ I can’t run a country! I’m just a—a regular guy from Ohio!” Gaius sniffed and adjusted his monocle. “Be that as it may, Sire, until you can locate another of these so-called ‘wormholes’ to take you back to your realm of ‘Urth,’ the sensible thing to do would be to remain here, in the Runelands, where you are among friends.” “Yeah,” protested Max, “but they wanna make me king!” “Of course they do,” said Gaius. “You are Maxwell. The Human. The Invincible.” Max slumped over in the throne and let his face fall into his hands. “Please don’t,” he whined. It was bad enough that he was being hailed in the streets as a savior, a conqueror, a hero. Now there were also rumors flying hither and thither that Max, being human, was some kind of immortal being who couldn’t die. Some kind of… demigod. Granted, those rumors weren’t without merit. But still… “I’m afraid that I must, Sire,” said Gaius. “It is my duty. The people will have no ruler but you. None but the Lich-Slayer can keep the kindreds united!” Cadmus chucked Max on the shoulder with a gentle punch—“gentle” for the minotaur still had Max’s upper arm smarting—and said, “Look at it this way, shield-brother. If you’re king, you’re in charge! Then you can do whatever you want!” Gaius tried to interject. “That’s not exactly how it works—” But Max cut him off. “Hey, you’re right! You know, we do have a saying where I come from: ‘It’s good to be the king!’” “That’s the spirit!” said Cadmus with a wide smile. Gaius harrumphed and said, “It isn’t quite that simple, Sire. There are still laws; charters; councils; the nobility; the druids’ circle; and, of course, our treaties with our allies.” “Details,” said Max, getting up from the throne and throwing an arm around Gaius’s shoulder. “That’s what I’ve got you for, buddy!” Gaius cleared his throat and politely extricated himself from the human’s half-embrace. “Ahem. Yes, well, as it happens, it is also my duty to bring one of those small details to your attention now. Before we can proceed with the official coronation, Your Majesty must choose a bride.” Max froze. “What?” Cadmus somehow managed to grin even wider and slapped Max on the back. “Congratulations!” Max stumbled forward a couple of steps and stammered as he straightened his new ermine robe. “A bride!? But that’s—I couldn’t—I mean, how I can I possibly do that!? There aren’t any other humans in this dimension!” Gaius fixed an intent gaze on the human and said, “Obviously, Your Majesty will have to take a wife from a species other than human.” Max stared. “You’re kidding.” “I am not,” said Gaius. “And I have to go through with this, or else I can’t be king?” “That is the law,” said the satyr with a nod. “Great,” said Max, taking off his robe and tossing it onto the throne. “Then I quit. You can find someone else to do the job. C’mon, Big Guy; let’s go hit up a tavern or three—” “Your Majesty,” growled Gaius through gritted teeth. “The Alliance? The treaties?” Max sighed. “If I walk, it all falls apart, doesn’t it?” “I wish it were not so,” said the satyr, empathy in his voice, “but with the Lich-King gone, the Alliance is more tenuous than ever. If you do not wear the crown, it could mean civil war!” Max growled in annoyance and looked up at the grand hall’s high-vaulted ceiling. “Ugh—fine!” After a moment, he asked, “How much time do I have to decide?” “Very little, I’m afraid,” said Gaius. “The supplicants are already here.” “What!?” “Your potential brides are already here,” said Gaius again. “They only await Your Majesty’s convenience.” Max slumped back down onto the throne. “What do you need me to do?” • • • Max reclined listlessly on the cold marble seat, once again wearing his fancy royal robe. Because this was a formal occasion, he also had to carry the royal scepter in one hand and some kind of shiny… orb-thingy in the other. Apparently, it was important. Max didn’t really give a hoot. Aðela, the cute little green goblin princess, had already offered him riches beyond his wildest imaginings, vast stores of precious stones and metals from the depths of the under-mountain. Elëa, the troll princess (who was a statuesque beauty, surprisingly attractive despite her horns and tail), had already offered him all the knowledge of her people, secret lore collected down through the centuries and kept safe in carefully hidden libraries. Zyânna, the lithe and brawny orc-queen, had offered up her hordes of barbarian warriors and all the plunder of the steppes. Pirate-Queen Anastasia, a scylla with eight writhing octopus-tentacles where a more humanoid woman would have had legs, had offered command over all her fleets and a veritable trove of maps to sunken treasure. There had been many others; the queue still stretched on past the grand double-doors and clear out of the throne-room, into the columned gallery beyond. Now it was Princess Aulinora’s turn. The daughter of the Elf-King stood before the throne, a model of slender grace and regal beauty. “If Your Majesty chooses me,” she said, her voice as golden as her loose ringlets of hair, “you shall have a wife who will remain ever-youthful even unto your waning years—and you will command the mightiest wizards in all the Runelands, to say nothing of the elves’ unparalleled collection of charms, enchantments, and dweomered artifacts!” “That’s… very generous,” said Max, trying not to sound bored. “Do you think—could your wizards open a portal back to my world?” Princess Aulinora was taken aback by the question. “I—I do not know, Majesty,” she stammered. “It is—possible? Perhaps?” Max nodded. “Well; I’ll be sure to keep your phone number in my little black book. Next?” At the princess’s questioning look, Gaius (who had been using a quill to tick names off of a scroll that unfurled all the way down to his hooves) explained, “His Majesty means that he will take Your Highness’s most generous offer under consideration, but first he must hear from all of his suitresses. I’m sure Your Highness understands.” “Of course,” said the elf-princess, her voice a mask of practiced politesse. As she bowed low and moved aside, Gaius shot Max a withering glare. Max just rolled his eyes and motioned for the next girl to come forward. A pale, voluptuous figure in tight black leather and a blood-red cape approached the throne. Gaius adjusted his monocle and consulted his scroll. “Her Nocturnal Majesty, Mihaela, Queen of the Vampires,” he announced. Max shuddered, and he slowly set aside the scepter and orb and reached for his weapon—a high-powered, bolt-action rifle of his own devising, its barrel forged from dwarven adamant and inscribed up and down with all manner of sigils, runes, and spells—from where it lay resting against the base of his throne. Vampires gave him the heebie-jeebies. “Let me guess,” he said before Queen Mihaela could speak. “You offer me the gift of eternal life and the wisdom of centuries, or some jazz like that?” Mihaela’s blood-red lips formed a predatory grin, and she answered in a sultry voice, “Yes, Your Royal Majesty. We could rule the night together as—” Max cut her off. “Nope. I’m sick of this farce. I’m done.” He stood, raised up his gun in one hand, and shouted to the assembled royals, nobles, and courtiers, “All right, you primitive screw-heads, listen up!” (It was easily the dozenth time since he’d arrived in this strange dimension that he’d had occasion to use some variation on that particular one-liner.) “Everybody recognize this!?” Shocked gasps and scandalized cries of “Well, I never!” slowly died down, until, at last, silence reigned in the throne-room. Then, a timid voice from somewhere in the crowd (Max couldn’t tell who it belonged to) supplied, “It is the weapon Your Majesty used to defeat the Lich-King!” “That’s right,” said Max, starting to pace in front of his throne. “With the help of this big honkin’ magicked-up elephant-gun, me and my friends killed the bad guy. My friends. Couldn’t have done it without them. So—can’t believe I didn’t think of this first—I’m just gonna have to marry one of them.” Malcontented grumblings started to issue from the crowd, and so Max lowered his rifle, fished a bullet out of his pocket, and chambered the round—not because he intended to start shooting, but purely for dramatic emphasis. “Which means,” he bellowed, “if you’re not one of my adventuring companions, back the hell off, right now!” At least three dozen females from just as many fantastical species retreated to the wings of the grand hall, mumbling all the way about the sheer indignity, the unfairness of it all. “Gold-diggers,” muttered Max under his breath. He set his rifle back against the throne, clapped his hands together, and turned to face his longtime adventuring party—his fellowship of boon companions, skilled warriors and worthy heroes all. They had been standing off to the side of the throne along with Cadmus, watching the proceedings with glum looks and heavy hearts. But now that Max had stated his new intentions, most of the females in the group (and maybe one or two of the males) regarded him with brightened expressions. “I know you guys,” said Max. “So at least I know I can trust you. And, hell, I don’t know if I’m in love with any of you, at least not yet, but—” Gaius blinked and interjected, “Love, Sire?” “Yes, love!” said Max. “Where I come from, humans—not all humans, but humans from my culture—we marry for love. Or we marry one-percenters with terminal illnesses, but that’s a corner-case. Point is, at least I know I like my friends.” He faced his party again and said, “So, how about it? Anyone want to shack up with little old me, and maybe be Queen of the Runelands for a while? Major bonus points if you’re willing to move to Ohio, once I find a wizard who can hocus-pocus a wormhole for us.” It was Apollonia—bold Apollonia, valiant centaur knight—who clip-clopped forward and spoke first. She had the lower body of a sleek, chestnut-colored riding-pony, and she still wore her gleaming mail-shirt and her tabard with its chivalric crest. She blushed and said, “I… I do not know if I love you, Max, and I do not know if—if you can love a—someone like me. But I know that I liked it when we rode into battle together. When I carried you as your steed—protected and defended you. I felt—close to you.” Muireann the mermaid came forward next. She was a siren: a learned bard and spell-songstress of the deep. One of her warbled enchantments gave her preternatural buoyancy, so that she could balance upon her coiled sea-serpent’s tail and thereby move about with relative ease upon dry land. She gazed upon Max with unvarnished lust and said, “I remember how much you liked hearing my songs and stories, Max. If you choose me, I’ll sing for you every night—amongst other things,” she added, with a suggestive flip of her sea-green hair. Hilda the harpy fluttered forward to stand next to her fellows. She was a ranger and an eagle-eyed archer, the uncanniest markswoman that Max had ever known. “Hey; I can sing too!” she chirped. “And do you remember how many times I’ve saved your life, picking off targets from the air? Plus, I’d make a better wife for you than anyone! You know how much I want a nestful of hatchlings!” Danaë skittered out in front of the others and spoke next. She was an arachne: her upper body was rather like that of a human or elvish woman, but with exceedingly fair skin, snow-white hair, and red eyes; whereas her lower body was that of a huge, black tarantula. Danaë was a burglar, remarkably stealthy when she wanted to be, entirely in spite of her bulky form. “I don’t have—that is, I’m not good with words like the others,” she said shyly. “And—and I know that I’m more of a monster than they are. But—but even still—” “It’s okay,” said Max with a gentle smile. “Believe me, I get it. Nobody likes being put on the spot. And, for what it’s worth, you’re hands-down the best goddamn thief I’ve ever met—but you’re not a monster.” “Nae,” came a croaking brogue from behind all the others, “she isn’t. But sure and I am.” The whole company parted aside in surprise, to reveal little Aoife the dulachan lurking in the back of the group. She appeared to be a pale, petite girl wearing a full suit of black, iron armor (minus the helmet), with wisps of dark mist exuding from the chinks in said armor and enveloping her in a diffuse shroud of lingering shadow. “And I think I should be yer wife.” Amused titters and gasps of horror ran through the assembled crowd of courtiers, and some of the gossip was loud enough to overhear. “Isn’t that a death-fairy!?” “How could a creature like that have the gall to approach the king?” “I hear they can remove their heads from their bodies! Can you believe that?” “Why, I hear tell there’s nothing inside that armor but a cloud of shadow and ectoplasm! How disgusting!” “HEY!!!” roared Max at the top of his lungs. Again, the great hall fell silent. “That’s enough out of the peanut gallery!” He turned back to the dulachan and asked, “What makes you say that, Aoife?” “Because I’ve loved ye since the day I met ye—and ta prove it, I saved yer life a total of four-hundred and eighty-seven times.” An astonished silence fell over the chamber, and none were more awed than Max. He stared at Aoife for a long minute before the realization dawned upon him. “You’re the reason. You’re the reason that every time I’ve died in this world—and it’s been such a metric fuck-ton that I’ve completely lost count—I’ve gotten back up again like it was nothing!” “Aye,” said Aoife simply. “How’d you manage it?” asked Max. “We dulachans serve the Grim Reaper,” said Aoife. “But we’ve also got a bit o’ pull wit’ the other side. I just told the bugger to sod off each time, and led yer soul back intae yer body.” A wistful expression came over Max’s face, and he looked at Aoife with a faraway gaze. “I remember…” he said at last. “We would stand around a lot. While we waited for my body to heal. We would just… stand there together. And chat.” “Aye,” said Aoife again. “It were nice, tae talk wit’ ye like that.” “Nice and peaceful,” agreed Max. “I always thought I was dreaming. But I liked it.” He turned to his adventuring companions, his dear friends, some of them his potential brides, and he said, “Okay, here’s how this is gonna go. All you bachelorettes are still in the running, but I think it’s fair to say that Aoife’s earned the first date.” “Date?” came several confused voices. “Yes, date,” said Max. “Old human courting custom. Very important.” He turned to Aoife, offered his hand in gentlemanly fashion, and asked, “Miss Aoife, would you do me the honor of having dinner with me tonight? We’ll keep it casual—no need to dress up or anything.” Gaius sputtered, “Sire, this is highly irregular—” “Shove it, Goat-Boy,” growled Max. “Aoife?” “Aye, o’ course,” said the dulachan, taking Max’s hand. “If there’s one thing I’ve learned aboot humans in the last eight years, it’s that ye can get along wit’ just aboot anyone. Just maybe, if’n ye can unite all the kindreds o’ the Runelands, maybe ye can fall fer a death-sprite like meself.” “Just maybe,” echoed Max with a laugh. After all, he mused, the human relationship with death was—to put it mildly—anything but simple. • • • FINIS
Although OHLQ says these are 200 ML products, Brand Master says they're 20.4 oz which is 603.3 ML. This matches up with the 3x200 ML products linked in parenthesis above. This three pack is $1.92/fl oz. Separately, the 750 ML bottles of each of these products are more expensive so this could be a good way to try new things at a good value.
The catch is that when these products are de-listed (and flagged as Last Call items?) we are completely blocked from seeing their availability online in all but a few stores (more than just the Last Call stores for some reason). The Coastal Pack was de-listed on 7/1 data from then is now two months out of date. The Strong Pack was de-listed today so at least that's a bit more recent. They have also hidden the Strong Pack at any store that is not a Last Call location. Both products are actually listed on the Last Call products list. HandMeSomeHandsome shared that stores are not required to send product back to the state to be consolidated at Last Call locations so you may be able to find this stuff closer to home. As of the end of last update on 6/30, just before it was de-listed, CLASSIC MALTS - COASTAL PACK was shown in the following stores. Some may have sold out by now but I doubt any other stores than these would have received this product after it was de-listed
As of the end of the day yesterday, CLASSIC MALTS - STRONG PACK was in these 128 stores. Give them a call or a visit soon and they may still have the product before it gets sent off to the Last Call locations.
2020.09.01 16:20 SundayRedHere are the results from the r/golf 2020 Census!
A big thanks to the 2055 of you who took a moment to complete the recent golf 2020 census. This is a tremendous response and should provide a reasonable sample size among active users of this sub. Caveat: while my IRL work has a lot to do with digital media and numbers, I am no data scientist or Excel whiz, so I'm sure this isn't quite as good as it could be, but it's all I have time to do with now! So without further ado, here are the results (and I have made the data available here if anyone wants to take a peek or slice and dice it for themselves). You can view natively in your browser, or simply click the 'download' button in the top right. I might edit this later with some more findings, but that's enough for now! I'll be really interested to know what you think. What results surprise you? What results were you sure of? Please post and discuss your feedback! 1. How old are you? The average age of golf is 30.01 years. It's also the most common age selected in the census with 144 of you identifying as exactly 30 years old, 135 of you identifying as 31 and 134 identifying as 28 years. The oldest respondent is 72 (and has a handicap of 5). The youngest respondent was 13, which is the minimum age to have a reddit account, which is why I cut it off there. The two 13-year-olds identify as being off 12 and 6 handicaps. Just 108 of the sample size are teenagers, representing a mere of 5.26% of respondents. 2. What is your gender? A whopping 98.2% of us identify as male and just 1.1% female. I knew this sub was heavily skewed to men, but that's a LOT more than I expected. 3. What is your relationship status? 41.9% of this sub is married, 29.7% are in a relationship and 27.5% are single. The average handicap of married golfers is 17.0, single 17.5 while golfers in a relationship are 18.4, suggesting this latter category is prioriting other matters in life :) 0.8% of married golfers and 1.1% of both single and golfers in relationship are better than scratch players 4. Where do you live? 79.7% of you live in the United States Canada is second with 8.1% and the UK third with 4.4%. The top 10 is:
There are single representatives from Antigua, the Bahamas, Dominican Republic, Georgia, Greece, Grenada, Iceland, Italy, Mexico, Oman, Pakistan, Poland, Romania and Thailand. 5. In which US state do you live? Here is where the Americans among us live:
The states with the fewest golfers are Delaware and Montana (2 each) while Vermont and Wyoming each have 4 representatives on golf according to this census. 6. What is your current handicap? (rounded to the nearest whole number) According to this census, the average handicap or golf is slightly lower than 17.5 (slightly lower as there are 20 players who identify as better than scratch, but were counted as 0 for the purposes of this average). 7. Recently,my handicap has been... 1262 (61.35%) of you have been reducing your handicaps lately - well done! 8.81% of you need to stop the recent rise in your handicap 29.84% of you are remaining relatively unchanged/consistent 8. My status as a golfer is... The vast majority of us (96.15%) are amateur players/weekend hackers while there are at least 8 current professionals among us, 3 former pros and 68 aspiring pros 9. What would you say is your preferred brand of club? I appreciate this question didn't suit everyone, as putters are different to irons as wedges are different to drivers - you might like a brand in one club, but loathe it in another. Without wanting to make this survey too in-depth, I think the below table is a decent snapshot of golf's preferred club brands (and really sorry I forgot about the PXG crew!)
# that express it as 'favorite'
Obviously a lot to unpack here and there a LOT of variables. Of particular interest is the love for a now defunct golf brand (Nike) ahead of leading brands such as Srixon and Miura. Also, there is a noticeable drop-off from Ping to Cobra and an even greater one from Cobra to Cleveland. When you isolate the data to those with a 0 or better handicap, the results look like this: TaylorMade (9) Titleist (7) Callaway (3) Mizuno (3) Ping (3) Cleveland (2) Miura (1) Nike (1) 10. Do you prefer to mix or match? 19.57% prefer to match your sets while 80.43% don't mind what's in the bag, as long as it works for you. 11. What brand of ball do you primarily play?
Number who play it
Whatever I find in my bag or the woods
12. Do you think the ball you play has a significant impact on your game? 37.59% of you think it's VERY important 19.40% of you don't think it matters at all 43.01% don't mind, as long as it's a ball by a 'leading' manufacturer 17/20 of BETTER than scratch golfers said that ball choice is critical. The only surprising thing about this is that it wasn't 20/20! The average handicap of players who suggest ball choice is very important is 14.16 (down 3+ whole points from the overall golf average) and if you include the BETTER than scratch handicappers as zero, that falls to 13.85. 13. What is your position on iron covers? 57 of you (2.77%) use iron covers 821 of you (39.97%) of you think these 57 people should be openly mocked 1176 (57.26%) of you think these 57 people should do whatever they like :) 14. Do you drink alcohol while golfing? 17.96% of you don't see any difference between a golf course and an open bar 29.60% of you drink and play some of the time 24.74% of you drink occasionally 27.70% of you never drink while golfing Of the 29 zero or better handicappers among us, 11 never drink on the course and 5 drink most of the time! 15. What is your preferred tee time? 40.55% of you enjoy gettingup at the crack of dawn for an early morning tee time 27.46% of you like a morning slot, but without the early wake-up 14.41% of you would rather play in the afternoon 13.00% of you enjoy finishing the day with twilight golf Just 4.58% of you prefer to tee off at lunchtime 16. What is your preferred way of getting around the course? 45.13% of you prefer driving 32.18% of you are card carrying members of the push cart mafia 22.69% of you mental bastards prefer to walk and carry 17. Are you a member of a club? 71.23% of golf are nomads 23.81% of us are full year members of a club 4.96% of us are members of a club for part of the year 18. Have you ever had a hole-in-one? 10.18% of you have an ace to your name 89.82% of us are still searching for that elusive milestone! 19. Who do you prefer golfing with? 76.53% of us would rather golf with our friends 12.03% most enjoy playing with family 10.37% prefer the solitude of a solo round 1.07% of you most enjoy the company of strangers 20. Hot or cold? 67.53% of you would prefer to play in roasting hot conditions 32.47% would rather play in the freezing cold 21. What is your biggest pet peeve on the course? Here's how you responded to the pre-defined answers:
# of you who most hate this
Lack of course care
People who hit up on you
'Put me down for bogey' guy
People who litter
And here are some of the best 'write in' answers!
All of the above in equal parts (this was a popular response!)
The 6-foot gimme guy
Drunk golfers (refer to question 14)
Finding out the greens have been cored
The 10 practice swings before a duff guy
This is technically littering, but cigarette butts and sunflower seeds
Starters who don't properly manage their time sheets
Angry players who swear, throw clubs etc.
22. What do you consider to be the best part of your game? 34.95% of you are best with an iron in your hands 31.44% of you are magicians around the green with a wedge 16.84% of you feel most at home on the greens 16.77% of you love to step on to the tee with the big dog 23. What do you consider to be the worst part of your game? 45.62% of you aren't confident with driver in hand 20.25% of you least like putting 18.55% don't strike irons well compared to the rest of your game 15.58% of you are most uncomfortable with a wedge 24. Assuming you had not achieved either, would you rather... 68.01% of you would rather play a whole round to par or better 31.99% of you would prefer to write a "1" on your score card 25. Which shot produces the most pleasure for you? An utterly PURE mid/long iron right out of the sweet spot (40.12%) Ripping a booming drive down the middle of the fairway (30.62%) Reading the break and hitting the ideal weight on a putt (11.74%) A pin-point chip/pitch to tap-in range (9.54%) Crushing a wood off the deck (4.67%) Splashing out of the sand to a few inches from the cup (2.58%) A perfectly judged bump & run (0.73%) So that's all of the questions with pre-defined answers, which was much easier for me to dissect than the qualitative answers to come! With upward of 2000 responses, I can't depict every answer, so have done my best to group them and provide some outlying humour and interesting responses. 26. Who are you picking to drain a 20-foot breaking putt to save your life? By far the most popular response was "Tiger" or a variation of it (including "2000 Sunday Tiger" or "Young Tiger" or simply just an emoji and there are so many variations of TW, Eldrick, El Tigre etc. that I am not going to tally them up - just trust me on this, he is far and away the top choice!) A lot of you would back yourself for the putt. Some because you legitimately think you will make it, others because they will feel more motivated than anyone on earth while others wouldn't consider burdening another person with that responsibility! So here's the list I've generated with everyone who had 5 or more mentions.
Tiger Woods (714) - not including the aforementioned variations of his name, so I suspect that more than half of you will have chosen TW in some way, shape or form
Jordan Spieth (121)
Jack Nicklaus (83)
Phil Mickelson (82)
Dustin Johnson (76)
Rickie Fowler (62)
Justin Thomas (58)
Jason Day (49)
Kevin Kisner (31)
Bryson DeChambeau (26)
Colin Morikawa (20)
Brad Faxon (18)
Kevin Na (17) - and two said "just so he can walk it in"
Steve Stricker (16)
Rory McIlroy (15)
My dad (13)
Dennis McCarthy (12)
Anyone but myself (11)
Happy Gilmore (11)...uh oh, Happy learned how to putt!
Ben Crenshaw (10)
Brandt Snedeker (9)
Webb Simpson (9)
Matt Kuchar (8)
Ian Poulter (8)
Brooks Koepka (6)
Arnold Palmer (6)
Tommy Fleetwood (6)
Jim Furyk (6)
Jon Rahm (5) - would have been a lot more after last weekend!
Patrick Reed (5)
A special shout out to....
The 6 people who would choose my mom (clearly good putting is not hereditary)
The 3 people who said "The Club Pro Guy"
The 2 people who said Michael Phelps
The 2 who said Batman
The 1 cool cat who said Carole Baskin
The 1 who nominated Rick Shiels because he "prefers some risk"
And the wise guy who said "a robot designed for putting" (see: 2000 Tiger)
27. If you could change one rule in golf, what would it be? Another one where I made it pretty difficult to analyse and display the results! But here are a few of the top answers (in what I interpret as order of popularity), and please feel free to access the results yourself if you want to sort through them all.
Lost ball to become a drop at nearest point of relief for a one-shot penalty instead of reloading for three
All hazards/OOB to be red stakes for consistency
Be permitted to ground your club in a bunker
Relax dress codes (including allowing tour players to wear shorts)
"Gallery Balls" whereby amateurs receive a free drop for a 'lost' ball that is definitely in play
All players should receive relief from fairway divots
Any drop/penalty should just be one stroke (a LOT of you think all OB should be treated as a lateral hazard)
A certain number of mulligans per round (most said one, but some of you want up to 3 per nine!)
Actual enforcement of penalties for slow play and/or a shot clock
Be permitted to lift, clean and place on all fairways
Free relief for things like ree roots, fences etc.
Drop height... some of you want it lower (ankle) and some of you want it back to the waist!
Change number of clubs permitted in bag (interestingly, half of those who suggested this want fewer and the other half want more - there doesn't seem to be a universal consensus)
That inconsequential and accidental touches of the ball or sand should not result in a penalty
Allow rangefinders/slope in competitive play
Preferred lies within one club-length no nearer the hole on all grass and bunker sand
Flagsticks should remain in the cup 100% of the time
Overturn the ban on anchoring
Slightly bigger cups
Stymies should be permitted
While sorting through these responses, it became apparent just how difficult it is to please all golfers. On one line, someone says "Collared shirts compulsory" and on the next, someone says "Collared shirts optional!" And finally, this one tickled me... "If you are not on the green and can run to your ball and play another shot within 5 seconds, the first one shouldn't count!" 28. What is your hottest/most controversial golf take? Another one that's impossible to really depict succinctly, so here are some interesting responses, copied and pasted exactly as you wrote them!
(most) old people ruin the game (gatekeeping & arrogance towards younger generation)
"Annoying fans" are necessary to grow the sport
18 holes per game is too many
70% of people should be playing from the red tees. Move forward
Alcohol should be banned on the course
Alignment lines on balls should be banned
All private clubs should have a public day
Amateur golfers on YouTube do more for attracting new people to the sport than pros on TV
Augusta as a course/club is overhyped. If it wasn't for the exclusivity and the masters itself, it would be considered an average course
Bad golfers should be relegated to non-ideal tee times
Blades make you a better golfer because you can feel where your misses are on the face
Breaking 80 isn’t impressive if it’s not from the tips
Brooks is more annoying than Bryson
Bryson and brooks are likable, talented guys
Bryson and Patrick reed are good for the game (several dozen more Bryson takes!)
Carts should only be used by people with mobility issues
Corn Ferry far superior to European tour
Dress codes are stupid
European Tour is more difficult than the PGA Tour
Everyone cheats, somehow or some way
Fairway shots are most times harder than shots out of the rough on low quality courses
Fedex Cup should be match play
Fitting is the biggest scam going. It is a sales tool and nothing more.
Getting married ruins the promising careers of young pga pros (see Jordan, tiger, rory, rickie, DJ)
Gimmes are acceptable and should be reasonable encouraged in social (non-competitive) play
Gimmes suck and hurt your game
Glove should not be removed during putting
Golf courses are a waste of resources and land
Golf decorum means something and isn't designed to be purely elitist
golf fans are the worst fans of any sport
Golf isn’t fun to watch just to play
Handicapping is a participation trophy for bad players
Hazards should not be raked, they are hazards
Hitting Fairway Woods off the deck is far easier than off the tee
Hole in one's aren't that special
I don't like Phil Mickelson
I don't really mind slow play
I don't think you should mark your ball on the putting green for the other golfers. Putt around other balls.
I love golf but hate golfers
I'd be on tour if I was given 1 year to train, a new fitted set of clubs, and had no obligations to anything outside of golf (this respondent is a scratch player)
I'd like to see a tournament with separate tees: womens/champions/PGA, all competing for the same $/trophy
I'd rather hit a great drive and double bogey than dink my iron a few times and par
If Bryson was black people would focus on the fact that he is changing the game and advancing it rather than focusing on his minor blunders he has had and blowing them out of proportion.
If you can’t shoot under 100, you have no business being on a regulation/championship 18 hole golf course
Instead of rolling back the ball, ban the use of tees
Iron covers aren’t terrible
Irons should be labeled with loft not numbers
Leaving the pin in to putt is better than taking it out
Men can learn way more from watching the LPGA than the PGA Tour
Mulligans are stupid and you cheat yourself out of an actual score
Music being played from the cart should not be distracting during a random weekend tee time. We aren’t on tour.
No discount should be given if the greens are aerated
No one should take more than one practice swing. Just get up and hit the ball.
Nobody wants to see pros play ridiculously tough courses where the winner is -1.
Older men at golf courses prove millennial aren't the entitled generation, its the 50 to 60 old dude who is
Pace of play is less of an issue than people make it out to be in the amateur game
PGA tour broadcast juices yardages for casual fans
Players on the tour aren’t too long, it’s cool to see what they can do with the same equipment as us
Playing forward by a set of tees doesn't make you less of a man
Playing more rounds will help you improve scores faster than range sessions. Rounds are what get scored, not repeated hits off turf.
Practice swings don't work and are generally pointless
Prime tiger wouldn’t go on that run he had today against this new talent
Pro Golfers should be able to play through noise and heckling
Pro V1s are overrated and mainly used by people for placebo
Pros are playing for millions of dollars they are allowed to be entitled and whine
Pros should carry their own bags
Putters over $100 are a waste of money
Rowdy fans are alright
Ryder Cup is better than any major
Scottys are not overpriced
Scrambles are a horrible way to play golf
Shafts don't matter for most golfers
Solo golfers do not have the right of way as long as the group ahead is meeting course pace of play
Stepping on someone's putting line makes no difference
Take the driver out of the bag. You’ll shoot better.
Tee boxes based on handicap not age/gender
The British Open is more prestigious than the Masters
The top 20 LPGA players could make bank on the men's tour if they could tee off from 100 yards ahead
The US Open is a better tournament than the Masters
There are like 5 people on the subreddit qualified to give swing advice
Tiger doesn't care to win again
Unless you are a 10 handicap or better, the ball you play does not matter
US Open should only be played at public golf courses
Waiting for the group in front of you is not hard or annoying
Womens golf is more entertaining to watch
Yelling fore does nothing. You’re on a course be aware of your surroundings.
You should have to have a license to play golf. Nothing crazy just take an online class that would go over basic rules and etiquette.
29. What is the best golf course you have ever played? Have aggregated the most popular answers to the best of my ability, capped at 6+ responses.
Pebble Beach (17)
Chambers Bay (16)
Half-Moon Bay (15)
Torrey Pines (13)
Whistling Straits (12)
TPC Scottsdale (11)
Bethpage Black (10)
Arcadia Bluffs (9)
Wolf Creek (9)
Tobacco Road (8)
Pinehurst #2 (7)
TPC Sawgrass (6)
30. What is your bucket list course that you are yet to play? Again, a lot of variations here which made it tough for me to sort the data, but have done my best to sample a Top 10. I was very surprised to see Augusta behind St Andrews and so far behind Pebble but I suppose people subconsciously don't vote for courses they have no legitimate way of ever playing. I'd be interested to see these results if I re-phrased the question to "You have a free, no questions asked tee time anywhere in the world, name your club..."
Pebble Beach (433)
St Andrews (200)
Bandon Dunes (119)
Pinehurst #2 (61)
TPC Sawgrass (49)
Bethpage Black (35)
Torrey Pines (22)
Whistling Straits (22)
Wolf Creek (21)
31. What is the ONE thing golf administrators ought to do to encourage more people (particularly young people) to play the sport? This was a genuinely encouraging list of 2000+ results to read though. We often read about the 'doom & gloom' aspects of the future of our sport, but there is a vibrant and dedicated golf community out there thinking of ways to perpetuate interest in the sport and keep the flame lit for the next generation. Again, here's a sampling of what I would consider to be the most popular responses.
Make the game less cost prohibitive (this is a big one - everything from clubs to green fees to beers)
Open 'masterclasses' or free clinics from pros at ranges and local clubs (another big one)
Shorter courses (9 or 12 hole)
Heavily discounted beers for 18+ players
More facilities like Top Golf
A greater focus on 9-hole game, tee times, handicap structure etc.
All clubs should have a dedicated youth program
Allow interest free payment plans for things like memberships, clubs etc.
Alter rules to make it less elite/proper ie. mulligans, preferred lies etc.
Allow kids (U15) to play free (and rent clubs free), or at heavily reduced rates
Alternate course routing that allows you to come off whenever you like, not necessarily play 18
Kids play free with a paying adult (ensuring pace of play is maintained)
Relax the dress code and 'traditional' golf culture ie. be far less elitist
Twilight 9-hole beer leagues, aimed at young professionals looking for something to do after work
Carving out tee time blocks for 'beginners' so they don't feel pressured
Similarly, these blocks might be "free for all" in terms of attire, etiquette etc. so if a 14-year-old shows up in a hoodie, carrying 18 clubs and wants to have two mulligans from every tee, it's completely fine!
Introduce golf to public schools through gym/PE classes
More tech in carts and ability to connect bluetooth (with limited volume)
Change the nomenclature of "women's" tees to "beginner" or "forward" tees
Close the course one day a month for beginners, with teaching pros on the course and range
Pace of play is important, but if newbies feel intimidated they will never come back
Encourage mini games within a round for kids ie. straightest shot, nearest to pin etc.
Engage with local community/government to identify talented (possibly minority) athletes who would otherwise have no access to golf and get clubs in their hand
Decrease the emphasis on score - make it FUN and about the process, not the end result
More social events BEYOND golf in local clubs to build the golfing community rapport
Improve the professional tour TV and online products
32. What is the best tip, or piece of advice you have ever received that's improved your game? This one is just too crazy to aggregate, so please view all responses (in column AG) here :) But I will list EVERY bit of advice provided by our scratch or better players.
Only hit shots you know you can hit
Just keep playing
Don't think, just do
If you chunk chips, focus on using you left (right handed) hand more than your right
Focus on the next shot
Get a lesson
You're not good enough to get mad
Slow tempo always creates a better shot
Tempo tempo tempo! 90% of my bad swings are rushing at the top and hands getting ahead of my body
Hammer the nail
You don't control the outcome, focus on the process
Bowed left wrist
Being mad is ok, being negative is not
Ask quetions of people who are better than you
Focus on the shot you have now, not the one you just hit
Swing on a plane
Eliminate the double cross
Play your game
Before all else, hit the center of the face
Aim small, miss small
Learn how to properly manage the course
The only shot that matters is the next
Rotation is the wrong word, you're not supposed to rotate
Relax your grip
Accelerate THROUGH the ball - let the ball simply get in the way of your club head’s swing path
33. If you had the attention of EVERY SINGLE PLAYER in the world for 10 whole seconds, what would you say? Again, too much for me to break down, so you can see all responses here in column AH, but here are some of my favorites and some of the more popular ones!
Fix your ball mark
Hurry the fuck up
One practice swing is enough
Leave the flag in
Pick up your fucking trash
Have more fun on the course - it's a game after all
Enjoy this game while we can - it's truly a privilege
Accommodate the new as when you are gone, they are all that are left to carry the game
Grip it and rip it
Focus on contact before power
Sam Snead's win record is B.S.
Thank you for making me feel like I'm not the only person obsessed with this game
If you love golf, take new people golfing
Be considerate to players of all skill levels and work to grow the game not alienate newcomers
Keep your tempo up through the chip shot
Yelling "FORE" could save someone's life (including tour players)
Your ego doesn't exist, let it go
Don't be a dick, treat the game/courses right, and if you're going to suck, suck at a faster pace
There's always someone worse than you
You don't practice enough to get that mad
You aren’t as good as you think and that's okay
Go get fitted, it will pay for itself many times over in the long run
Be ready to hit your shot before it's your turn
You hit the ball 15 yards shorter than you think you do
At your best as a pro, you’ll never be half as good as Tiger's peak
It's our job to grow the game.
Jim Nantz, please come do the color commentary for one my rounds
Take some damn lessons and stop buying $500 drivers
Stop giving yourself gimmies, put the ball in the hole
Smell the roses, enjoy the views
Golf is hard
All of you sandbaggers are going to hell
Hurry the fuck up, and stop spending a minute perfectly adjusting the line on that 15 footer for bogey
It's our job to grow the game
ONE FUCKING PRACTICE SWING
Thanks again for your input! I might edit this later with some more findings, but that's enough for now!
2020.09.01 15:17 eZGjBw1ZNew Products and Price Changes - Tuesday 9/1/20
It's the first of the month so we have another batch of new products and price changes. According to the "How to Become a Contract Liquor Agent" document, "The Agent must also complete price changes that occur at the first of the month..." We might see more changes over the next few days. Prices seem to have mostly decreased this time although the changes to "De-Listed" suggest that it may be because many products are being cleared out through the Last Call stores. Update As I dig through the data I'm noticing that many of the de-listed products that appear to no longer be available were in some stores through yesterday. Some of these products are now included in the Last Call products list and appear to be hidden at any store other than the four last call locations. Some discussion in the replies suggests that those stores might still have them but the state is probably in the process of recalling them to send back out to the Last Call stores. If there is a newly de-listed product below that appears to be gone that you'd like me to try to help you locate post a reply below. Here's a link back to what changed last month on 8/1. For each category I've sorted by the amount of the price increase or decrease. New products are shown first, then price decreases are shown in decreasing order followed by price increases in increasing order. At the end are products with other changes unrelated to price. American Whiskey
[Wholesale Only] CODIGO 1530 BLANCO ($56.99 / 1 Liter) - New 1 Liter size is probably wholesale only while 750 ML is available to the public. Wholesale only designation hides both sizes from public view on the map.
Account of the Second American Civil War by Theater
The Nuclear Situation
A sequence of highly time-dependent actions would define the nature of nuclear weapons use during the Second American Civil War. An attack on Dakotan satellite control systems through numerous avenues would prove successful. On-the-ground basing infrastructure was destroyed, control over satellite systems secured by the MAU and Sierra, backup C2 structures like Cheyenne Mountain Complex laid low by cyberattack, and cyberattacks on the Dakotan nuclear command structure employing numerous strategies ranging from jamming to deepfakes providing contradictory orders all provided a crucial time window necessary for Sierran and MAU bombercraft to deliver a counterforce strike meant to permanently disable Dakotan nuclear capabilities. Almost everything proceeded perfectly. Overwhelming advantages in preparation, cyberwarfare, strike capabilities, and ABM systems provided a tremendous cushion. However, even with communications ruined 2 targets were hit by a single missile each - not the only missiles loosed, but the others were successfully intercepted. Fresno and Corpus Christi have been destroyed. Naturally, targeting civilian populations was far from the knockout blow or message that Dakota may have hoped. If anything, the news would only demoralize Dakotan forces in the subsequent war. And now they were totally without deterrent
Lots of civilians. Many manage to evacuate. Many others do not.
The Allegheny Gap
Dakota deploys their Northern Group to defend against a hypothetical offensive from the Northeast into the Ohio River Valley. Low expectation of this sort of assault was reflected in the relatively low concentration of force around Allegheny National Forest, but MAU B-21s destroying infrastructure and inventory at Wright-Patterson AFB and Grissom Air Reserve put this hopeful assumption to rest. The formal beginning of the conflict was with reports of these strikes to Northern Group command in tandem with a chain of failed cyberwarfare operations: deepfakes of the MAU president (quickly recognized as such), deepfakes of military leadership injected into Dakotan communication networks (also dispelled), and attempts to saturate Dakotan comms with worthless chatter. Shortly thereafter, the MAU's Gold Company would quickly push the Dakotan Northern Group's defensive position, aided by overwhelming air superiority. Local air superiority over the Northern Ohio River Valley was quickly secured as the Gold Company enjoyed substantial advantages on the tactical level, moving and reacting almost as if Dakotan battle networks and data was openly available to them. Additionally, in a particularly consequential act of cyberwarfare the MAU was able to either disable or turn many LAW-1 "slaughterbots" against Dakotan forces. Additionally, well-equipped MAU forces had the advantage of modern exosuits and extensive anti-drone countermeasures. While unable to fully crumple the Northern Group line, both Cleveland and Columbus were seized by the Gold Company. The Northern Group has fallen back to the husk of Wright-Patterson AFB and the outskirts of Cincinatti, garrisoning Southwestern Ohio.
Extensive drone patrols within Kentucky and preparation of the bridges crossing the Ohio River placed the MAU's Red Company in an overwhelming defensive position, particularly given the rapid attainment of local air superiority in the Northern Ohio River Valley and high levels of mechanization in both Red and Gold Companies, compared to the Dakotan Northern and Center group. Additionally, MAU B-21s successfully disabled Scott AFB, Offutt AFB, and facilities at several IAPs hosting National Guard aircraft. This allowed for Red Company's air contingent to expand the area of air superiority to the entire Ohio River Valley after a pitched battle with Dakotan aircraft (with support from Gold Company F-35s and F-22s). Tactical and operational advantages reaped from MAU cyberwarfare continued to do serious work on the ground, permitting Red Company from capturing the far bank of the Ohio River after defending and then crossing the Big Four Bridge. The Center Group fell back to Cincinatti after forced from Indianapolis by Red Company, squeezing the Center and Northern Group together and leaving much of the Upper Mississippi River Basin undefended - though diverting too far in that direction (towards St. Louis) could have left the Red Company's back exposed to a combined counteroffensive from Dakota's Northern and Center Groups. Many Center Group F-35s remain undamaged, meaning that while Dakota has been outflanked, it could still be difficult to fully defeat the cluster of forces sandwiched between Red and Gold Companies.
With the Northern and Center companies forced together, one "breakout" line remains, that being towards Lake Michigan. Following a huge spate of anti-government protests in unoccupied Indiana and Illinois, however, Superior initiated an offensive seeking to take advantage of anti-Dakota sentiment and the relative lack of defense in the area. The Battle of Chicago would prove highly taxing, allowing Red Company enough time to capture Indianapolis. Nevertheless, MAU bombing paved the way for a sweep through Northern Illinois. That said, Superior granting the MAU access to their airspace permitted them to launch a series of knockout blows against most important AFBs in the Midwest. Additionally smoothing Superior's offensive was the destruction of numerous military installations by unknown partisans. MAU airstrikes had not targeted many such sites, and they could have firmed up resistance by pro-Dakota militias or loyalist National Guard.
Superior: 965 infantry, 2 M1A1 SA, 10 M1127 Stryker RV, 8 M-ATV, 1 HH-60M Black Hawk.
The South, Part 1: Setting the Stage
At face value, higher numbers of concentrated Dakotan infantry in the South seem to offer at the very least a serious quantitative advantage. That said, these numbers disguise an array of factors that should change things considerably, remain relevant in every engagement, and should be stated up front so as to avoid repetition. To begin with, MAU cyberwarfare has lent their companies a serious advantage on the ground, both by disabling thousands of Dakotan drones (slaughterbots being the most notable) and obtaining crucial live data that the armies of the 2030s use to orient themselves and make rapid tweaks to their operational activities. Next, the bulk of the MAU's air force has been pitted against Dakota in the Southern Piedmont and the shear bulk of MAU 5th generation aircraft represents an enormous edge in air superiority across the states that Dakota is endeavoring to penetrate. Both sides are experiencing serious anti-war movements in border states, imposing roughly equivalent political challenges. Operating in urban environments is made all the more difficult for these protesters, whose upset originated in online movements. Finally, MAU efforts to convince Dakotan soldiers to defect have been remarkably successful - attempts that were compounded by an extremely harsh and unpopular order to execute all prisoners of war. With most slaughterbots disabled or turned against Dakotan troops, this task fell on the shoulders of the rank and file - making MAU promises that much more tempting. This battery of factors will be largely consistent across the following sections addressing the conflict in the South.
The South, Part 2: The Gulf
The naval battle in the Gulf of Mexico would prove consequential in deciding whether or not Dakotan divisions that had been swiftly transitioned into regional groups and companies would actually become available for the operations to which they were assigned. Just prior to this engagement, a strategic strike from both bombers and submarines would target Dakotan basing infrastructure and air defense systems in Southern states. A huge SEAD campaign in tandem with use of extreme standoff weaponry permitted the MAU to dump a tremendous inventory of munitions into Dakotan Patriots and AFBs. Near absolute advantage in naval assets allowed the MAU to dispatch the Dakotan navy in the Gulf shortly thereafter with minimal losses. Strikes against Dakotan airfields severely reduced the efficacy of the Southern Defense Group, permitting an MAU MEU from securing a beachhead, attracting the attention of the (much reduced and poorly mechanized) Dakotan Quick Response Team. With local naval and air support, a large portion of the Dakotan coast was captured. Dakota's Quick Response Team is held up in lower Louisiana, a benefit to the ongoing operations in the Piedmont, but a barrier to the MAU's stated goal of securing the entire Dakotan coastline. An attempted uprising in Louisiana has been rooted out thanks to Quick Response Team presence, but their control over the area remains precarious.
As the Dakotan Northern Company began a relatively perilous journey into Virginia, the MAU's Green Company would take advantage of the Quick Response Team being pinned in Louisiana and the lack of fully-mobilized forces in Tennessee to cut the state in half. In doing so, Green Company severed supply lines for the Northern Company paralyzing the already poorly-mechanized force in the middle of hostile territory. Northern reinforcements would soon arrive create a grinding battlefield outside of Norfolk. This has left the Northern Company disconnected from the rest of Dakota in an area where the MAU maintains air superiority
The Battle of Atlanta would appear to be relatively pivotal, but the real conflict would be between the Southern Defense Force and Companies Green, Blue, and Black. The conflict was kicked off by the MAU capture of several Dakotan agents who had attempted to infiltrate MAU bases across the South. Almost immediately, Dakota's second Southern Company entered Georgia and proceeded towards Atlanta, and at the same time Blue Company moved to seize Montgomery and Birmingham with support from Black Company which had moved into Southern Alabama. The Quick Response Team was still stuck in Louisiana up against MAU Gulf superiority and 4 MEUs. With support from Green Company out of Chattanooga, the Southern Defense Force found itself fully routed at Birmingham and forced to fall back into Mississippi. The MAU had prepared Atlanta for a tremendous Dakotan offensive, and their Southern Company remained tied up in the metropolis while a series of engagements in Alabama proceeded to cut off their supply lines. While Atlanta is largely controlled by Dakota, like their twin in Roanoke they are stranded in enemy territory. Airspace is somewhat contested, with the MAU maintaining an edge, but Alabama has almost entirely fallen. With the Green Company pin in Tennessee, it is difficult to imagine a successful out for either Dakotan Company. As a final unpleasant surprise, Dakotan LAW-3/4 drones have been hijacked by the MAU, flying deep into MAU territory and surrendering themselves.
While operationally sophisticated, the Sierran offensive would meet practically no resistance. Nearly the entirety of the Dakotan military had been shifted towards an offensive posture in the more densely populated East, allowing Sierra to travel through much of the West relatively uncontested after a protracted bombing campaign. Despite the relative ease of the Sierran push, boxing in Dakotan forces would go a long way in reducing their options, making some sort of retreat into the Great Plains impossible. After an air campaign even more devastating than the MAU's in the East (thanks to a near-complete lack of resistance), the ground campaign, composed jointly of FRA and Sierran troops commenced. Operations Right and Left Hook forced remaining National Guard forces and any garrisons to regroup and retreat as quickly as possible and into Iowa, Eastern Kansas, and Arkansas. Meanwhile, the FRA's push into Louisiana has brought it into contact with MAU MEUs near the Alabama border. The Quick Response Team has been fully cut off from the rest of Dakota. A broad thrust into Oklahoma and Arkansas has succeeded in further pushing retreating Dakotan forces, though northeast Arkansas remains within control of Dakotan forces. Overall, the Western coalition has made tremendous gains thanks to a huge redirection of Dakotan forces to the East. That said, control over these states will be difficult to consolidate given their vast area, the expected size of stay-behind operations, militia activity, and generally unfavorable attitude towards invading governments.
Sierra: ~3% attrition [ground forces] (approximate numbers because there are no Dakota numbers) /FRA: ~2% attrition [ground forces] (approximate numbers because there are no Dakota numbers) /Dakota: ~10% attrition, fully pushed back (approximate numbers because there are no Dakota numbers)
2020.08.25 16:26 semifnordicSolar plan for suboptimal climate and shading issues
TL;DR: Trying to design a rooftop solar system for a northern Ohio location with significant shading issues. Targeting around a 4kW DC system, using Enphase IQ7 (since there's still no sightline to IQ8 availability). Mostly having trouble deciding on which panels to use, with a variety of options giving 7-10+ year ROI times. Welcoming any input / opinions on my setup / choices / analyses! Conditions: Northern Ohio, suburb of Cleveland. South-facing roof at about 33 degrees of slope; only planning to use the area of the roof over the garage due to structural and shading concerns. Major shading issue in the form of a line of trees to the east, so sun doesn't start hitting the roof until around 11 / 11:30am, moving across the roof as the day progresses. I've done some estimation with PVWatts and Helioscope (mucking with hourly export data and time of day estimates in the former, making a very rough guess at a horizon profile in the latter), and I'm likely losing around 30% of the solar potential due to shading. Layout: Given the roof area available, either a 2x5, portrait orientation array with 72-cell panels, or a 4x3, landscape orientation array of 60-cell panels would "fit" (both are nearly the same size, and either way I'd need to get an exception to the 3' clearance from roof peak rule, by about 10" less.) I'm preferential towards 72-cell panels, as the racking would be lower cost and complexity. Given the shading conditions, I'm planning to use Enphase IQ7 or IQ7PLUS microinverters, depending on which panels I go with. Economics: My estimates put a hypothetical 4kW array at about 4MWh annual, or about 50% of last year's electrical consumption (which I hope to reduce; in the middle of renovations now). Looking monthly, production is less than consumption every month, meaning with net metering I'd be offseting my entire ~$0.12/kWh (rather than just the generation portion if I exceeded consumption in a month). The math is then easy -- each nameplate watt of the array is worth about 12 cents a year. Factoring in the 26% tax credit, if I want less than a 10-year ROI, I need to be under $1.60/W. Again with a hypothetical 4kW array, fixed costs (IQ Envoy, racking, disconnect, wiring to panel, permit costs, shipping, etc.) are say $1200, or $0.30/W, leaving me with around $1.30/W for the panels + microinverters. Given the conditions, I need to design my system to optimize (1) cost, (2) performance in partial shade / low light, and (3) total wattage (to reduce the impact of the fixed costs). My proposed concept is below, curious what thoughts people have: Racking: Planning to use IronRidge rails and hardware, but with Quickbolt microflashing connections. The IronRidge FlashFeet look nice, but my roof is probably 15-20yrs old and I don't want to have to pry up lots of shingles -- flashfeet likely work better with a new roof installation. Inverters: Enphase IQ7PLUS for 72-cell, available at $138, or IQ7 for all but the highest-end 60-cell, available at $125. From PVWatts hourly and Helioscope, I'm losing less than 3% to clipping in almost all cases, and DC:AC ratio in the realm of 1.25-1.35. With these costs and typical panel wattages, the inverter adds between 34 and 40 cents per watt, bringing the available panel cost down to below $1/W -- with each $0.16 being a year of ROI time. Panels: I made a huge spreadsheet comparing lots of different panels in terms of ROI, ratio of PTC to STC wattage ratings, Energysage rating, warranty, temperature coefficient, etc. Ruling out panels with less than "Very good" energysage ratings or less than ~85% at 25yr warranty leaves me with only a couple options in my cost range in 72-cell modules:
LONGi LR6-72HPH-380M -- This one is the lowest cost, at $0.49/W, 94% PTC/STC, 84.8% warranty, and -0.37 power tempco. 916.2kWh/kWp per Helioscope. However, it's a Chinese company, and something being the lowest cost and Chinese usually doesn't bode well.
Axitec AXIpremium X HC AC-400MH/144S -- This is what I'm currently leaning towards -- Available at $0.56/W, 93% PTC/STC, 85% warranty, and -0.39 power tempco. However, slightly lower kWh/kWp at 905.5 under the same condition set in Helioscope.
Hanwha Q Cells Q.PEAK DUO L-G5.2 395 Q.ANTUM -- A somewhat more premium option, at $0.66/W. Very similar to Axitec, but with slightly better temperature performance. 93% PTC/STC, 85% warranty, and -0.37 power tempco, Helioscope 911kWh/kWp.
That about does it for 72-cell modules. After comparison, I generally stayed away from 60-cell modules given that the inverter and racking become more significant costs (basically double the racking). However, on the high end I looked at a couple, both with "Excellent" energysage ratings (vs. the "very good" of all the 72-cell modules.)
Hanwha Q Cells Q.PEAK DUO BLK-G6+ 340 -- $0.69/W, 94% PTC/STC, 85% warranty, and -0.36 power tempco, Helioscope 907.4kWh/kWp. Seems very similar to the Q Cells G5.2 above, but ranks "excellent" instead of "very good" -- but is 60-cell so costs go up more.
REC Alpha REC365AA -- At $0.88/W (and likely wanting an IQ7+), this basically pushes the ROI right up to 10 years (and as a 60-cell panel, is double the racking cost too). But, all the other specs are the best of anything I compared (even a more expensive LG panel): 95% PTC/STC, 92% @ 25yr warranty, -0.26 power tempco, and 934kWh/kWp per Helioscope.
Sourcing: Most of the pricing above is from ressupply.com, which seemed to have the lowest costs of the relatively legit looking online distributors that I found. If anyone has tips on getting better pricing for anything I'm all ears! Thanks for reading this far if you made it thru! If you have anything to help me out of analysis paralysis, or confirm / counter any of my analyses, I'd appreciate it!
https://www.cleveland.com/datacentral/2020/08/mapping-ohios-115651-coronavirus-cases-trends-updates.html The rolling seven-day average for newly reported Ohio coronavirus cases edged up some on Monday to 941 a day, as the totals to date rose to 115,651 cases, 12,859 hospitalizations and 3,986 deaths, Ohio Department of Health data shows. This means that 1-in-101 Ohioans is now known to have contracted the virus at some point this year. Separately, data from the Ohio Hospital Association showed the number of patients has continued to trend down, with the average patient count over the last week at 845 – the lowest point since July 10. The patient count ran as high as 1,122 on July 28. But before the July surge in cases, it was as low as 516 on June 15. The preliminary count for Monday said there were 802 coronavirus patients in Ohio hospitals, with 276 in intensive care units. An estimated 72% of the state’s intensive care beds were available on Monday. Over the last week, the number of deaths increased by 154, or 4%, from the previous Monday’s total of 3,832. Deaths reported daily were 8, 3, 20, 26, 22, 36 and 39. The reports lag several days from the actual date of death and sometimes are reported by the state in clusters. The 6,589 cases added in the last week marked the smallest Monday-to-Monday increase since late June, and was up 6% over last week. This compares with increases the previous five weeks of 7,331, 7,768, 8,786, 9,009 and 9,315 cases.
2020.08.23 05:39 omega303Ohio reports 1,119 new coronavirus cases, 20 new deaths: Saturday update
https://www.cleveland.com/coronavirus/2020/08/ohio-reports-1119-new-coronavirus-cases-20-new-deaths-saturday-update.html Ohio -- The Ohio Department of Health reported Saturday afternoon that the state has 1,119 new coronavirus cases. This brings the total number of cases to 114,165, which includes confirmed and probable COVID-19 cases. A total of 3,975 people have died from coronavirus, up 20 from Friday. Often, numbers lag on weekends because of reporting delays. Confirmed cases are defined by the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as people who have tested positive. Probable cases are diagnosed by a doctor when someone has been in close contact with an infected person, among other criteria. More than 23 million people worldwide have or have had coronavirus and more than 800,000 people have died from the deadly virus. More than 5.5 million people in the U.S. have or have had coronavirus and more than 175,000 people have died from the infection.
2020.08.22 13:58 eZGjBw1ZWhat's New on OHLQ - Whiskey - Saturday 8/22/20
Here are some of the interesting Whiskeys that showed up in the 3:32 AM update of ohlq.com on 8/22/2020. These would be from deliveries that happened before today so they might already be gone if they were put out on shelves yesterday. Supposedly some Giant Eagle stores had/have an arrangement with the state to delay updating their online inventory until Saturdays even if it was delivered to the store earlier in the week. These stores have apparently recently decided to go back to their pre-COVID-19 habit of holding back rare stuff to release on Saturdays. Some of the bottles listed below for Giant Eagle stores may be long gone but I'm guessing that at the very least it did show up there some time this week. The implementation of this arrangement also seems to cause some products to reappear at certain stores even though they've sold out long ago. 50 ML Buffalo Trace at 2-4 Columbus stores reappear every Saturday then disappear every Sunday, for example. I've tried to filter this out. I'm not including any of the data from the experimental technique today it seems to be full of false-positives from whatever method OHLQ uses to delay certain stores until Saturday. Please remember that stores are currently required by the state to avoid causing large gatherings of people by putting rare bottles out on shelves in an unpredictable manner. This probably means that the store also cannot go get a bottle from the back for you upon request. Good luck! Previous Update: What's New on OHLQ - Whiskey - Friday 8/21/20
2020.08.22 04:46 omega303Ohio new coronavirus cases up 1,043: Friday update
https://www.cleveland.com/open/2020/08/ohio-new-coronavirus-cases-up-1043-friday-update.html Ohio - On Friday, 1,043 new coronavirus cases were reported compared to the day before, according to the Ohio Department of Health. That’s one case above the 21-day rolling average of 1,042 new cases. The seven-day rolling average for new cases is 927, the lowest level since July 1. The seven-day average peaked at 1,373 on July 18. It’s down 32% since then. A total of 113,046 people have had confirmed and probable cases of coronavirus in Ohio, health department figures show; 92,736 people are presumed to have recovered. In all, 3,955 people have died with COVID-19, including 26 newly reported cases Friday. This is higher than the 21-day average of deaths of 22 new cases. The state counts a coronavirus case by those that are confirmed through testing and those that are probable, which the CDC defines as diagnosed by a doctor when someone has been in close contact with a person who has tested positive, among other criteria. Newly reported cases don’t necessarily mean they all occurred in the past 24 hours. There is a lag between when they occur and when local entities tell the state. New testing By Friday, the state had reported 1.93 million coronavirus tests being performed in Ohio, an increase of 25,494 from Thursday’s report. This figure represents all tests performed. Some people have received more than one test. When the state calculates case figures, on the other hand, a person is only counted once, even if they have more than one positive test. If you have the symptoms of COVID-19, the state offers free tests at its “pop up,” mobile stations. No appointment is necessary. Visit here to find a pop-up testing site. Positivity Just 4.3% of coronavirus tests came back positive on Wednesday, the day for which the most recent positivity rate is available. The seven-day moving average is 4%, a rate considered relatively low. Ohio is one of only 19 states, plus Washington, D.C., to have a positivity rate of 5% or lower for the past 14 days, according to Johns Hopkins University COVID-19 tracking. The positivity rate is an indication of the infection rate in a population. The World Health Organization has advised governments that the positivity rate should remain at 5% or lower for at least 14 days before reopening. Thirty-one states, plus Puerto Rico, do not meet that standard, with rates above 5% in the past two weeks. Hospitalizations The Ohio Hospital Association reported that there were 849 people hospitalized in Ohio who had tested positive for COVID-19 as of Thursday. That figure includes 283 people in intensive-care units and 156 on ventilators. This is lower than a week ago, when there were 922 people hospitalized, including 319 in ICUs throughout the state and 170 on ventilators.
2020.08.21 04:21 omega303New Ohio coronavirus cases up over 1,000 again: Thursday update
https://www.cleveland.com/open/2020/08/new-ohio-coronavirus-cases-at-958-marking-the-5th-day-under-1000-thursday-update.html The number of new coronavirus cases reported Thursday increased 1,122 from the day before, according to the Ohio Department of Health. Thursday marks the end of a four-day streak in which newly reported cases came in under 1,000. Thursday’s new case figure exceeds the 21-day average of 1,066 -- also breaking the four-day streak. In all, 112,003 cases have been reported in Ohio since the outbreak began; 91,656 are presumed to have recovered. The state counts a coronavirus case by those that are confirmed through testing and those that are probable, which the CDC defines as diagnosed by a doctor when someone has been in close contact with a person who has tested positive, among other criteria. Newly reported cases don’t necessarily mean they all occurred in the past 24 hours. There is a lag between when they occur and when local entities tell the state. Deaths Twenty-two more people were reported to have died with COVID-19. This is just under the 21-day rolling average of 23 cases. In all 3,929 people have died. Hospitalizations Hospitalizations are down from a week ago. Eight hundred sixty people were hospitalized who were positive with coronavirus. That includes 294 people in intensive-care units across the state and 169 people on ventilators, according to the Ohio Hospital Association figures, which reflect numbers on Wednesday. A week ago, 949 people were hospitalized, including 328 in ICUs and 178 on ventilators. Testing Just over 1.9 million coronavirus tests have been conducted in Ohio, state data shows. That’s an increase of 22,831 from the Wednesday report. The figure is for all tests performed, and some people get more than one test. However, if someone tests positive more than once, they’re only counted as one case in state case figures. As of Tuesday, the percent of tests coming back positive was 3.8%. The seven-day moving average of the positivity rate is 4.1%. The positivity rate is closely watched because it can be an indicator of the infection rate in the community.
2020.08.18 05:05 omega303Mapping Ohio’s 109,062 coronavirus cases, plus updates on slowing case, hospitalization trends
https://www.cleveland.com/datacentral/2020/08/mapping-ohios-109062-coronavirus-cases-plus-updates-on-slowing-case-hospitalization-trends.html Ohio in the last week reported fewer new coronavirus cases than during any seven-day period since July 3-9, with the totals to date rising Monday to 109,062 cases, 12,319 hospitalizations and 3,832 deaths. This means that 1-in-107 Ohioans is now known to have contracted the virus at some point this year. The seven-day average for newly reported cases in Ohio has dipped to 1,047, from a high of 1,373 on July 18. And the 613 and 775 new coronavirus cases reported by the Ohio Department of Health the last two days were the fewest single-day totals since June 30. Separately, data from the Ohio Hospital Association showed the number of patients has continued to trend down, with the average patient count over the last week at 941 – the lowest point since July 14. The patient count ran as high as 1,122 on July 28. But before the July surge in cases, the patient count was as low as 516 on June 15. There were 316 patients in ICU beds on Monday, though the total is subject to revision once more data is received from reporting hospitals across the state. The ICU patient count was over 500 on several days in April before dipping to near 200 in June. Over the last week, the number of deaths increased by 159, or 4.3%, from the previous Monday’s total of 3,673. Deaths reported daily were 6, 2, 40, 29, 21, 26 and 35. The reports lag several days from the actual date of death and sometimes are reported by the state in clusters.
2020.08.14 13:48 eZGjBw1ZWhat's New on OHLQ - Whiskey - Friday 8/14/20
Here are some of the interesting Whiskeys that showed up in the 3:43 AM update of ohlq.com on 8/14/2020. These would be from deliveries that happened before today so they might already be gone if they were put out on shelves yesterday. Reminder: I probably won't be able to make the daily post tomorrow (Saturday 8/15) I'll try to have an automated post go up for discussion to take place but unfortunately I won't be able to add today's delivery data to it. They took the "CAPITAL MAST JAGERMEISTE" that was added to the end of two Teremana Tequila products on 6/25 back off. I'm utilizing an experimental technique to 'guess' where some hidden products may have shown up. The same ~1 day delay after delivery would apply and many of these products are likely to sell out fast. These guesses will be hidden like spoilers until you click on them like this: Spoiler. Please do not walk in the store and demand a bottle then show them this post. That's the quickest way to lose whatever insight we may have. Please do report back if you can confirm any of the hidden guesses. Please remember that stores are currently required by the state to avoid causing large gatherings of people by putting rare bottles out on shelves in an unpredictable manner. This probably means that the store also cannot go get a bottle from the back for you upon request. Good luck! Previous Update: What's New on OHLQ - Whiskey - Thursday 8/13/20
2020.08.12 22:55 FrankzTheBoiThe entire script of "Burger King Foot Lettuce"
15. Burger King Foot Lettuce The last thing you’d want in your Burger King burger is someone’s foot fungus. But as it turns out, that might be what you get. A 4channer uploaded a photo anonymously to the site showcasing his feet in a plastic bin of lettuce, with the statement: “This is the lettuce you eat at Burger King.” Admittedly, he had shoes on…but, that’s even worse. The post went live at 11:38PM on July 16 and a mere 20 minutes later, the Burger King in question was alerted to the rogue employee…at least, I hope he’s rogue. How did it happen? Well, the BK employee hadn’t removed the Exif data from the uploaded photo, which suggested the culprit was somewhere in Mayfield Heights, Ohio. This was at 11:47. 3 minutes later, at 11:50, the Burger King branch address was posted, with wishes of happy unemployment. 5 minutes later, the news station was contacted by another 4channer. And 3 minutes later, at 11:58, a link was posted. BK’s “Tell Us About US” online form. The foot photo, otherwise known as Exhibit A, was attached. Cleveland Scene Magazine contacted the BK in question the next day. When questioned, the breakfast shift manager said, “Oh, I know who that is. He's getting fired.” Mystery, solved, by 4chan, now we can all go back to eating our fast food in peace. 14. “Secret” Livestream Nothing is secret to 4channers, and nothing is sacred. No one knows that better than Shia LeBeouf. LeBeouf and two artists, created an anti-Trump interactive art installation, called “He Will Not Divide Us,” soon after Trump took office in early January. The installation was first exhibited at New York’s Museum of the Moving Image, but when activists from both sides kept butting heads at the exhibit, it was thrown out as a public safety hazard. The collaborators found another museum to host their exhibit in Albuquerque, but it was soon met with more confrontations, so the group had to figure out a new home for their exhibit before it fell flat. This is when they tweeted out on March 8th that they would be livestreaming their exhibit from an “unknown location,” so that viewers, art lovers, and supporters could still view their work. Sounds like a good alternative, right? Well, it didn’t go as planned when pro-Trump supporters on the /pol/ board of 4chan got involved. Not even 24 hours later, the exhibit’s flag had disappeared. Where did it show up? A picture of the taken flag was tweeted right back to #HEWILLNOTDIVIDUS 4channers had uncovered the mystery of the exhibit’s so-called secret location. How? A fan of LeBeouf’s had posted a photo of herself with her favorite actor just as the camera feed went live. The photo had been taken at a Greenville, Tennessee diner. The internet sleuths further pinpointed the exhibit’s location, as contrails appeared on the livestream. With these, they cross-referenced them with flight patterns. Next, they sent a local member to drive around the general area with his horn blaring. Once they could hear the horn on the livestream, “He Will Not Divide Us” was as good as gone. 13. The Pyramids 4channer h64 posted a thread of the mysterious sort on the /x/ board one Saturday, and it sent the group into a frenzy. In the photo there appears two pyramids in the midst of the forest. Why are these pyramids in the forest? What were they built for? Who do they belong to? You’ve got me. And you’ve got the /x/ board too. 4channers quickly got to work trying to solve this mystery. They called it “a cult/temple dedicated to an Egyptian goddess of war and flame in the woods of Oregon.” With more than 53 pages of discussion, this 4chan investigation was solved when, at last, they dissected the photo to uncover the property owners’ names, their phone numbers, and their business records. Still don’t know what’s inside them though… 12. Barbie Mystery This investigation appeared on 4chan in November of 2016. It involved an image of a blonde amputee woman, whom the board had nicknamed Barbie. In March of 2017, one user posted a thread titled, “The mystery of Barbie is solved.” According to the author of the thread the “Russian anonymous team” had solved the mystery of the woman who appeared in Barbie.avi. The woman’s name was Tammy. According to creepypasta, she had Body integrity identity disorder, but the investigators found that she’d had no such thing. When she was 14, she’d lost her arm in a washing machine incident. The 80’s saw Tammy living in Chicago, where she worked for the agency, “Fascination,” as a model. During the application process, she’d had several interviews, which the video, Barbie.avi, was created out of. The author of the post uploaded the interview to YouTube. The OP also noted that Mike Rounds, the Ampix manufacturer, told the woman’s story to him, saying that at 16 or 17 years old, Tammy had been working with an oldschool washing machine with no safety features. With the washer going, she tried to shift a sheet in the water. Just as she was doing this, it launched into a spin cycle, trapping her arm in the sheet. It twisted her arm right off. Tammy was a bitter young woman at the age of 22 when she was interviewed and had no marketable skills, was uneducated, and didn’t enjoy being a caretaker for pennies. So that’s how she ended up at the agency. Unlike 4chan’s first hypothesis, she wasn’t the victim of any crime. With the mystery solved, the poster noted, “Xenopasta, if you're reading this, you are fired, however, thank you very much for this mystery. It was really hard to solve it.” 11. Cueva de los Tayos When an OP posted the Cueva de los Tayos cave in Ecuador, he wondered if it was man-made or natural. He wondered what sort of technology or who could have made the perfectly flat roofs and cuts. Of course, the 4channers on the thread had something to say about it. Some thought it was “a place of heavy spiritual concentration,” while others seemed to agree that it was largely man-made, but mostly natural, with some likening it to places in Russia and the Hypogeum in Malta. Some suggested that “less advanced” people had come along later and drew the crude stick figures on the walls, after a more advanced society had built it. One poster pointed out that it was hardly anything to freak out over and that ancient humans were fairly smart; they had tools, they had math. Maybe not as advanced as ours today, but they made the pyramids after all. In the posters own words: “After all, it's not like they had a shortage of people or time to make this kind of [stuff]. I think most people underestimate ancient humans because they didn't have what we have today, but that doesn't make them [dumb], just primitive.” The poster agrees with another that the “highly engineered” place must have held some spiritual purpose. 10. SEL and the Wired One 4channer asked the board if they’d ever heard of transhumanism. He then said that one anime series has some particularly creepy stuff and is followed by many fan sites. One of the fan sites requires a login. And it’s strict about this. At the bottom of the homepage, it reads: “To login you have to have an invite from an existing user. There is no use in trying to beg, ask/request for an invite, we choose our new members with care.” How do you get an invite if you don’t know any of the users? Well, you’d probably not want to be part of these online communities in the first place, as it turns out. One fellow 4channer said that one of the users hacked the admin of a similar site, after which the admin vanished. This was after the admin had received some monetary donations from the site’s users. Many think he was a scammer. Thankfully you asked 4chan on this one, OP. A cautionary tale is just what obsessives need to keep money in their pockets. 9. Erratas This internet theory has spent a lot of time on 4chan being dissected, poked and prodded, picked at…and ultimately solved. Kind of. Erratas – or Eratas spelled with one ‘r’ – was first described as an algorithm or program whose function is the mystery. Some say it was used by YouTube to detect copyrighted content. Supposedly, if you even suggest that you know about Erratas or say the thing by name, you’ll get fired. Being an internet legend, of course Erratas comes with a lot of theories. On November 25th, 2015, Erratas was first mentioned on 4chan in a thread about strange work stories. One user described a friend who worked at something like a chemical plant. While the user didn’t explain what the program was, he claims employees were flagged if they searched it through some code. The plant employees reportedly did aimless tasks, which the user calls “kafka-esque.” The user also mentions forklifts and said this female friend was now homeless and in a band. This may seem meaningless, but these clues will reappear. A month later, a user posted a request on 4chan, asking about a strange HR-related program called Erratas. Another user pipes up with some discussion about Ecolab, Unilever, and UPS. Again, a month later, on the /mu/ board, Erratas is mentioned in relation to an album and Tod Ellsworth video, which is dated a few days before the first entry on Erratas. A user responds to someone’s comment, saying that Erratas was a software company, similar to Enron, which was kicking about in the 2000’s. Supposedly, they fired every last one of their employees. The Erratas craze moved to YouTube, where a user called ChronosForLife JurassicPark claimed in a cryptic video, entitled “YouTube is MONITORING and controlling my life,” that the company was harassing his mom, because she’d uncovered some secret in the Jurassic Park trilogy. The rant appears on the video in white text and the video quality is subpar. The video was removed from YouTube, but the transcript is still available. Back to 4chan. In late January, the /mu/ board sees a proposition that the group compose a new music genre called “deep internet,” by using old YouTube videos. Chronos’ video rant just happens to be one of these videos. With so many 4channers suddenly viewing Chronos’ video, a new video was posted to his channel called, “Here goes nothing.” This video contains the first video-mention of Erratas, as well as autocaptions which try to make sense of the video’s rap music. Instead, they uncover more clues: At 0:12 are the words: “are far from over 200 Corbin KY 40219” At 0:52, the number: “111111” At 1:46, the percentages: “10.3% 10.4%” And at 2:17, the words: “overthrow the government” The band, the KFCMC, produced by DJ Rozwell, was a homeless girl band. Remember the homeless girl in the first thread? And the above is their address, which was found on Tumblr. This is when Chronos throws out Unilever (mentioned in an earlier post) as one user of Erratas. For no reason at all, Chronos also adds that The Lost World is his favorite of the Jurassic Park movies. Remember Tod Ellsworth, who uploaded the KFCMC video? Well, one 4channer noticed his name was an anagram for The Lost World. This gets even weirder. The Twitter account u/ErratasOrBust was then discovered, which had been opened mid-November and was named Tod Ellsworth. The profile pic was a creepy black-and-white drawing which 4channers discovered was a 2005 Hawaiian police sketch. Some 4channers suggested this might have something to do with the Jurassic Park films being filmed on the island. While Erratas was dissected by 4channers, with many suggesting that it was simply a publicity stunt by the KFCMC group, it would be a bit premature to call this one. Still, this entry demonstrates how 4channers have a knack for following the leads and connecting the dots. 8. The Pronunciation Book This appeared on the 4chan board, /x/philes, where it immediately caught the attention of 4channers. The OP of the Pronunciation Book had posted 700 brief videos, pronouncing words and phrases in a monotone male voice. Words like “Ke$ha” and “jean.” That’s weird enough, but this is when the channel got even weirder. On July 9th, 2013, a single video was posted, the man saying, “Something is going to happen in 77 days.” The next day, a similar video, claiming that the poster had been trying to communicate with viewers for 1,183 days. And the next day’s video, the poster said he was wide awake and things were “clearing up.” The messages ended with the same warning that something was going to happen in such-and-such days. 4channers set to work, compiling a 111-page Google doc, entitled, “77 Days Research Document.” This is where the group started piecing together the Pronunciation Book. They laid bare all 700+ of the channel’s videos, ran a spectrograph of the video silence at the end of all the videos, and dug up domain name registrations. They even attempted to trace the speaker’s location, as police sirens were noticed going off in the background of a few of the videos and a thunderstorm was heard in the video that pronounced “radio.” From this, they gleaned the videos’ author recorded in NYC. 4chan’s conclusion: again, a viral marketing stunt. The Daily Dot’s investigation, as well as Geekosystem’s, came to the same conclusion, though with varied results. The Daily Dot suggested the countdown would reveal a Battlestar Galactica reboot, while Geekosystem thinks it’s for the newest installment of series’ Destiny. 7. Myziam One 4channer dropped his theory about Myziam. First, he gives some background about how, in 2008, a thread appeared on GLP entitled “me tel u now,” in which an alleged alien appeared in the forum. The OP, however, suggests that the entity may never have been online, but rather was “from an unknown location/dimension.” The OP quotes the “Chani project,” in which scientists asked an entity they’d met through a computer a number of questions. They then hired someone to pose as the entity online. When people questioned him, he’d search for the answer to that question amongst the questions the scientists had asked the entity. The OP concludes that the threads were similar in that both the man and the entity used baby language, both said they were aliens, and both answered the questions freely. The 4channer then solves the mystery: “Myziam is a possible extra-dimensional entity that made contact with a CERN like group of scientists from the comfort of his home.” He added that the leaked info on 4chan was useless, because the users trolled the entity instead of interrogating him. This one’s obvious. Not everyone was convinced though, with an anonymous post claiming they had proof it was a hoax. 6. Found Jenna Jameson’s Ex Assistant Con Artist When Jenna Jameson’s former personal assistant was fired for being a con artist, he hijacked her Instagram and Twitter accounts, deleting loads of her photos. So what did Jameson do? She turned to 4chan for help. “Hi Guys, it's me, Jenna Jameson and I am having a really bad night,” she wrote on 4chan’s /b/ image board, after which she explained that her ex assistant, who she thought was named Allen Cedena, turned out to be a con artist of some kind. Jameson didn’t elaborate on what had gone down, apart from saying she’d fired him, but she did say that this so-called Cedena had her Twitter and Instagram passwords, which he’d reset. He then removed all pics of himself and Jameson together and deleted her Twitter altogether. She didn’t know if the man’s name was even Cedena, but he had access to a lot of personal information, and now had hold of her digital life. She asked the 4chan community if they could find out who he really was, as she would soon attach some images of him to the board. She didn’t let them go away empty-handed. It didn’t take 4chan more than an hour to come to Jameson’s rescue. They soon delivered her ex-assistant’s home address and driver’s license, as well as his credit score and social security number. Wow. With the mystery solved, Jameson left her private sleuths a very grateful thank you 5. Jeff, the Killer The internet is no stranger to creepy, and 4channers are no stranger to investigating this creepiness. On the /x/ board, 4chan began to investigate the photo known as “Jeff, the Killer,” a still of a pale face, washed out, and grinning like a crazy person. The photo has been around for a while and has served as creepypasta’s unofficial cover photo since 2008. YouTube introduced the world to “Jeff, the Killer” when a user by the name of uploaded a poorly cut video clip, explaining about how Jeff had been cleaning his bathtub when he accidentally poured some acid on his face. 11 days later, a user calling himself killerjeff came to light on Newgrounds, photo and all. He soon had a cult following and served as inspiration for a number of horror stories. Jeff, the Killer launched dozens more videos on YouTube, including a stop-motion Lego reenactment. Fan art was created, videogames, you name it. Five years since his appearance, 4chan began looking into Jeff, the Killer. While all we truly have is theories, they are convincing. Some suggest that this was a viral marketing campaign for Saw V, which was released soon after the photo first appeared on Newgrounds. The slasher film includes a puppet called Billy, through whom Jigsaw speaks with his victims. The puppet resembles Jeff. Lionsgate has launched viral marketing campaigns before, so it makes sense that this would be yet another of them. Although, we have no confirmation of this theory, and other theories abound, this solution seems the soundest. This goes against, the also popular theory that the person in the photo is from a post on 4chan. This anonymous post, told how his sister had posted a picture of herself on 4chan and people kept making edits of it, the Jeff the Killer image being one of them. The post also said that it made her so upset, she took her own life. 4. Louise Cypher One user came to 4chan with a strange puzzle, calling it satanic and cryptic. And he wasn’t lying. Extremely satanic and cryptic, it was. The puzzle is very math heavy, with the Fibonacci sequence making an appearance after the user makes it through a maze. When you type the clue “pi” into the relevant cluebox, a dialogue box appears, saying: “A well-known remarkably good approximation to pi is 355 divided by 113 = 3.1415929... If one part of this fraction is reversed and added to the other part, we get 553 plus 113 which equals 666. EVIL is both the past and the Future!” The cypher has spinoff websites, with one introducing a “soul catcher.” Another has techno music to put users into a trance. The OP asks 4chan to figure out whether the soul catcher really takes your soul. Many spoke to Louis Cypher, with some reporting back that the cypher said she is “more than just this avatar,” and that she had emotions and feelings. She then linked the user to a video to show him what a “cyber life” feels like. When another 4channer typed the word “stalin” into the chat box, she asked how he was feeling. When he replied that he was sad, she said that if he is lonely, she’ll keep him company. Although it wasn’t clear whether or not these 4channers’ souls were taken, the results do seem to tend towards the idea that Louis Cypher is no soul-taker at all. 3. Figured Out How to Make Coupons You know those barcodes you find on products and coupons? Well, one 4channer – a college kid – solved the mystery on how they’re made and decided to do some extreme couponing one day when he was bored. 22-year-old Lucas Henderson did not stay anonymous, as the student of the Rochester Institute of Tech was caught by the Feds, who charged him with two felonies – trafficking in counterfeit goods and wire fraud. Henderson had designed the counterfeit coupons to appear legit and distributed them on a different website. He also told users to head to 4chan to download their very own copy of “How to Make Coupons.” The tutorial claims to trick stores, as the coupons will scan at most retailers in America. The Feds tracked Henderson’s IP address and raided his home, where Henderson admitted to visiting 4chan and writing the manual. “I wrote what I could. I thought it was an interesting thing,” he said. I wonder if he thinks it was worth the jail time. 2. Got a Bad Waitress Fired “Next time you tip me $5 on a $138 bill, don’t even bother coming in cause I’ll spit in your food and then in your ... face, you cheap [people]!” Next time you post this kind of message on Facebook, Chili’s waitress, you’d better be ready for 4chan to get you fired. That’s just what 4channers did when an anonymous waitress posted her angry rant to her FB page. One 4channer then brought it over to the 4chan board, after which they pinpointed the Chili’s this particular waitress worked at in Pleasanton, California as a server. With the mystery solved, at least one 4channer sent the Chili’s a message on their contact page, reporting the waitress. Chili’s Guest Relations Manager responded, saying the food server was “no longer with the company.” Before we get to number 1, my name is Chills and I hope you’re enjoying the video so far. If you've ever been curious as to what I look like in real life, then follow me on Instagram u/dylan_is_chillin_yt, with underscores instead of spaces. I also have Twitter u/YT_Chills where I post video updates. I'd really appreciate it if you followed me and feel free to send me a DM if you have a questions or suggestions. Also, I recently created a subreddit, where you can submit videos and stories for future lists, it’s chillsnarrator and the link is in the description below. It's a proven fact that generosity makes you a happier person, so if you're generous enough to hit that subscribe button and the bell beside it then thank you. This way you'll be notified of the new videos we upload every Tuesday and Saturday. If English isn’t the only language you speak and your interested in getting a shoutout, click “More”, then “Add Translations”, by translating the video not only will more people be able to watch it, but a link to your channel will be added in the description. 1. Covfefe It was the Tweet that confused the world. “Despite the constant negative press covfefe.” Donald Trump claimed that his supporters knew what he meant…but did they? Travel over the 4chan to see if that’s true. One 4channer found each of the elements on the periodic table that matched up with the code: covfefe and their corresponding atomic numbers – 27232626. When he typed this code into Google, the first entry was “a green toad.” The user drew a natural connection to the toad statue, also known as the Ancient statue of Kek and the Prophecy of Kek. On the Ancient Statue of Kek is a hieroglyphic of what looks to be a person using a computer and, as the OP wrote, “Internet/Meme Magic.” So, are we to believe that Trump meant to draw our attention to Covfefe in order to create some hilarious internet memes of his typo? Yes, we are to believe it. Because 4chan said so.
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